Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Crocodylia > Alligatoridae > Caiman > Caiman crocodilus

Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)

Synonyms: Alligator sclerops; Caiman crocodylus; Caiman sclerops; Crocodilus sclerops; Lacerta crocodilus

Wikipedia Abstract

The spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus), also known as the white caiman or common caiman, is a crocodilian reptile found in much of Central and South America. It lives in a range of lowland wetland and riverine habitat types, and can tolerate salt water, as well as fresh; due in part to this adaptability, it is the most common of all crocodilian species.
View Wikipedia Record: Caiman crocodilus


Invasive Species

The common caiman (Caiman crocodilus), is currently the most abundant crocodilian species and is the most harvested crocodile in the hide industry. Native to South and Central America, C. crocodilus has been introduced and has established in America, Puerto Rico, and Cuba. It poses a threat to native crocodilians through competition and is believed to be responsible for the introduction of the exotic parasite known as "caiman tongueworm" which infects local fish species in Puerto Rico.
View ISSG Record: Caiman crocodilus


Gestation [1]  90 days
Litter Size [1]  22
Maximum Longevity [2]  24 years


Protected Areas


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)[3]
Jabiru mycteria (Jabiru)[8]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru (Pasco etc.), Surinam, French Guiana, Guyana, Tobago, Trinidad, Venezuela, Bolivia Cuba (introduced), Isla de Juventud (=Isla dePinos; introduced); Trinity Hills Wildlife Sactuary;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Thorbjarnarson, JB (1994). Reproductive ecology of the spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) in the Venezuelan llanos. Copeia 1994(4): 907-919
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
5Holochilus sciureus, Guillermo R. Barreto and Shaenandhoa GarcÍa-Rangel, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 780, pp. 1-5 (2005)
6Myocastor coypus, Charles A. Woods, Luis Contreras, Gale Willner-Chapman, and Howard P. Whidden, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 398, pp. 1-8 (1992)
7Animals of the Rainforest
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License