Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Crocodylia > Crocodylidae > Crocodylus > Crocodylus intermedius

Crocodylus intermedius (Orinoco crocodile)

Synonyms: Crocodilus intermedius; Crocodilus journei; Mecistops bathyrhynchus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Orinoco crocodile (Crocodylus intermedius) is a critically endangered crocodile. Its population is very small and it can only be found in freshwater environments in Colombia and Venezuela, in particular the Orinoco River and its tributaries. Extensively hunted for their skins in the 19th and 20th centuries, this species is one of the most critically endangered species of crocodiles. It is a very large species, in fact the largest species of crocodilian and predator in the Americas. Males have been reported up to 6.6 m (22 ft) in the past, but such sizes do not exist today, 5.2 m (17 ft) being a more widely accepted maximum size. Males average at 4.1 m (13 ft) in length weighing 380 kg (840 lb), while females are slightly smaller averaging 225 kg (496 lb). Sexual dimorphism is not as pr
View Wikipedia Record: Crocodylus intermedius

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Crocodylus intermedius


Gestation [1]  70 days
Litter Size [1]  40
Maximum Longevity [2]  22 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Colombia, Venezuela, Lesser Antilles (Grenada), Trinidad ?, Tobago ?;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Thorbjarnarson, JB & Hernández, G (1993). Reproductive ecology of the Orinoco crocodile (Crocodylus intermedius) in Venezuela. I. Nesting ecology and egg and clutch relationships. J. Herpetology 27(4): 363-370
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License