Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Viperidae > Agkistrodon > Agkistrodon contortrix

Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)

Synonyms: Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix; Ancistrodon contortrix; Boa contortrix; Cenchris atrofuscus; Trigonocephalus contortrix

Wikipedia Abstract

Agkistrodon contortrix is a species of venomous snake endemic to Eastern North America, a member of the Crotalinae (pit viper) subfamily. The common name for this species is the Copperhead. The behavior of Agkistrodon contortrix may lead to accidental encounters with humans. Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.
View Wikipedia Record: Agkistrodon contortrix


Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix (Southern copperhead)
Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus (Broad-banded copperhead)
Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen (northern copperhead)
Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster (Osage copperhead)
Agkistrodon contortrix pictigaster (Trans-pecos copperhead)


Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Litter Size [1]  6
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Venomous [2]  Yes


Protected Areas


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[3]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[3]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[3]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


USA (Texas, E/C Oklahoma, E Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, S Illinois, S Indiana, S Ohio, Iowa, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jerse;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Venomous snakes and antivenoms search interface, World Health Organization
3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
4FOOD HABITS OF THE COPPERHEAD IN MIDDLE TENNESSEE, John S. Garton and Ralph W. Dimmick, Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science Volume 44, Number 4, October, 1969, pp. 113-117
5Blarina carolinensis, Timothy S. McCay, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 673, pp. 1–7 (2001)
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982)
8Microtus chrotorrhinus, Gordon L. Kirkland, Jr. and Frederick J. Jannett, Jr., Mammalian Species No. 180, pp. 1-5 (1982)
9Napaeozapus insignis, John O. Whitaker, Jr., and Robert E. Wrigley, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 14, pp. 1-6 (1972)
10Tadarida brasiliensis, Kenneth T. Wilkins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 331, pp. 1-10 (1989)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License