Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Iguanidae > Cyclura > Cyclura cornuta

Cyclura cornuta (Rhinoceros Iguana)

Synonyms: Hypsilophus cornutus; Iguana cornuta; Lacerta cornuta; Metapoceros cornutus; Metopoceros cornutus

Wikipedia Abstract

The rhinoceros iguana also known as "Goliath Dragons" (Cyclura cornuta) is a threatened species of lizard in the family Iguanidae that is primarily found on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, shared by the Republic of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. They vary in length from 60 to 136 centimetres (24 to 54 in) and skin colors range from a steely gray to a dark green and even brown. Their name derives from the bony-plated pseudo-horn or outgrowth which resembles the horn of a rhinoceros on the iguana's snout.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyclura cornuta


Cyclura cornuta cornuta (Rhinoceros iguana)
Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis (Navassa Island Iguana)
Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri (Mona Island iguana) (Endangered)


Adult Weight [1]  9.116 lbs (4.135 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Maximum Longevity [3]  23 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. Yes


Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Sus scrofa (wild boar)[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Hispaniola (Dominican Republic, Haiti), Isla Beata, Ile de la Petite Gonave, Ile de la Tortue, Ile Grande Cayemite, Ile de la Petite Cayemite, Isla Saona, Isla Cabritos, Navassa, Isla Mona, Puerto Rico (USA) Cyclura cornuta cornuta: Hispaniola and sate;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Length–weight allometries in lizards, S. Meiri, Journal of Zoology 281 (2010) 218–226
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License