Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Iguanidae > Amblyrhynchus > Amblyrhynchus cristatus

Amblyrhynchus cristatus (Marine Iguana)

Synonyms: Amblyrhincus ater; Amblyrhincus cristatus; Hypsilophus ater; Hypsilophus cristatus; Oreocephalus cristatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) is an iguana found only on the Galápagos Islands that has the ability, unique among modern lizards, to forage in the sea, making it a marine reptile. The iguana can dive over 9 m (30 ft) into the water. It has spread to all the islands in the archipelago, and is sometimes called the Galápagos marine iguana. It mainly lives on the rocky Galápagos shore to warm from the comparably cold water, but can also be spotted in marshes and mangrove beaches.
View Wikipedia Record: Amblyrhynchus cristatus



Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru Yes

Prey / Diet


Amblyrhynchus cristatus (Marine Iguana)[2]
Leucophaeus fuliginosus (Lava Gull)[3]


Parasitized by 
Cetiosaccus galapagensis[4]
Iguanacola navicularis[4]
Myosaccus amblyrhynchus <Unverified Name>[4]


Galapagos (Ecuador) Terra typica restricta: (Eibl-Eibesfeldt 1956): Narborough (Fernandina).;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License