Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Testudines > Testudinidae > Stigmochelys > Stigmochelys pardalis

Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)


Wikipedia Abstract

The Leopard tortoise (Stigmochelys pardalis) is a large and attractively marked tortoise found in the savannas of Eastern and Southern Africa, from Sudan to the southern Cape. It is the only member of the genus Stigmochelys, but in the past it was commonly placed in Geochelone instead. This chelonian is a grazing species of tortoise that favors semi-arid, thorny to grassland habitats, although some leopard tortoises have been found in rainier areas. In both very hot and very cold weather they may dwell in abandoned fox, jackal, or anteater holes. Leopard tortoises do not dig other than to make nests in which to lay eggs. Not surprisingly, given its propensity for grassland habitats, it grazes extensively upon mixed grasses. It also favors succulents and thistles, and (in captivity) the fru
View Wikipedia Record: Stigmochelys pardalis



Adult Weight [1]  44.093 lbs (20.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  25 grams
Female Weight [1]  44.093 lbs (20.00 kg)
Clutch Size [2]  13
Incubation [1]  5 months 10 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  30 years
Male Maturity [1]  5 years 6 months


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)[5]
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)[5]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[5]
Haliaeetus vocifer (African Fish Eagle)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]


Parasitized by 
Alaeuris conspicua <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


S Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Zaire, Angola, (Namibia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana ?), Swaziland babcocki: Namibia, Uganda, Somalia; Terra typica: Mount Debasien, Karamoja, Uganda Terra typica: "Promo;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Turtles and Tortoises Demographic Traits Database for CITES Listed Species ver. 01, Species360 (2018)
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Sighting frequency and food habits of the leopard tortoise, Geochelone pardalis, in northern Tanzania, J. Kabigumila, Afr. J. Ecol., 39, 276-285 (2001)
5The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License