Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Crocodylia > Alligatoridae > Paleosuchus > Paleosuchus palpebrosus

Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Dwarf caiman, Cuvier's smooth-fronted caiman)

Synonyms: Alligator palpebrosus; Champsa gibbiceps; Champsa palpebrosa; Crocodilus palpebrosus; Jacaretinga moschifer

Wikipedia Abstract

Cuvier's dwarf caiman (Paleosuchus palpebrosus) is a small crocodilian from northern and central South America in the alligator family. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam and Venezuela. It lives in riverine forests, flooded forests near lakes, and near fast-flowing rivers and streams. It can traverse dry land to reach temporary pools and tolerates colder water than other species of alligator. Other common names for this species include the musky caiman, the dwarf caiman, Cuvier's caiman and the smooth-fronted caiman. It is sometimes kept in captivity as a pet and may be referred to as the wedge head caiman by the pet trade.
View Wikipedia Record: Paleosuchus palpebrosus


Gestation [2]  90 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  24 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Diet [1]  Carnivore


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, NE Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela. Terra typica: "Cayenne," French Guiana.;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Magnusson, WE (1992). Paleosuchus palpebrosus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 554.1-554.2
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License