Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Varanidae > Varanus > Varanus bengalensis

Varanus bengalensis (Bengal Monitor)


Wikipedia Abstract

The Bengal monitor (Varanus bengalensis) or common Indian monitor, is a monitor lizard found widely distributed over the Indian Subcontinent, as well as parts of Southeast Asia and West Asia. This large lizard is mainly terrestrial, and its length can range from about 61 to 175 cm from the tip of the snout to the end of the tail. Young monitors may be more arboreal, but adults mainly hunt on the ground, preying mainly on arthropods, but also taking small terrestrial vertebrates, ground birds, eggs and fish. Although large monitors have few predators apart from humans who hunt them for meat, younger individuals are hunted by many predators.
View Wikipedia Record: Varanus bengalensis



Adult Weight [1]  10.891 lbs (4.94 kg)
Maximum Longevity [2]  11 years


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Microhierax caerulescens (Collared Falconet)1
Ploceus philippinus (Baya Weaver)1
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)2


Haliaeetus leucogaster (White-bellied Sea Eagle)[3]
Nisaetus cirrhatus (Crested Hawk-Eagle)[3]



SE Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, N India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand (incl. Phuket), N Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, W Malaysia, Pulau Tioman, Indonesia (Java), China (Yunnan) irrawadicus: S China (Yunnan). Terra typica: Wanding ;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Length–weight allometries in lizards, S. Meiri, Journal of Zoology 281 (2010) 218–226
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Population Status of Two Varanus species (Reptilia: Sauria: Varanidae) in Sri Lanka’s Puttalam Lagoon System, with Notes on their Diet and Conservation Status, D.M.S. SURANJAN KARUNARATHNA, A.A. THASUN AMARASINGHE, MAJINTHA B. MADAWALA & H.K. DUSHANTHA KANDAMBI, Biawak, 6(1), pp. 22-33 2012
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License