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Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill; Krill)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) is a species of krill found in the Antarctic waters of the Southern Ocean. It is a small, swimming crustacean that lives in large schools, called swarms, sometimes reaching densities of 10,000–30,000 individual animals per cubic metre. It feeds directly on minute phytoplankton, thereby using the primary production energy that the phytoplankton originally derived from the sun in order to sustain their pelagic (open ocean) life cycle. It grows to a length of 6 centimetres (2.4 in), weighs up to 2 grams (0.071 oz), and can live for up to six years. It is a key species in the Antarctic ecosystem and is, in terms of biomass, probably the most abundant animal species on the planet (approximately 500 million tonnes).
View Wikipedia Record: Euphausia superba

Attributes

Speed [1]  3.355 MPH (1.5 m/s)

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Diphyllobothrium procercoid <Unverified Name>[18]

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1"Pelagic Fishes and Their Macroplankton Prey: Swimming Speeds", Sergey M. Ignatyev, Proceedings • Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-97-01, 1997, p. 31-39
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3THE DIETS AND DIETARY SEGREGATION OF SEABIRDS AT THE SUBANTARCTIC CROZET ISLANDS, VINCENT RIDOUX, MARINE ORNITHOLOGY Vol. 22 No. 1 1994
4Who's Eating Who
5Geographical variation in the diet of the Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus gazella, R. Casaux, A. Baroni, F. Arrighetti, A. Ramón, A. Carlini, Polar Biol (2003) 26: 753–758
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7Feeding habits of Bathydraco marri (Pisces, Notothenioidei, Bathydraconidae) from the Ross Sea, Antarctica, Mario La Mesa, Joseph T. Eastman, Priscilla Licandro, Polar Biol (2007) 30:541–547
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9Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006)
10Trophic Ecology and Structure of Coastal Antarctic Fish Communities, Timothy E. Targett, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 4: 243-263, 1981
11Diet of two Antarctic dragonfish (Pisces: Bathydraconidae) from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, EVGENY A. PAKHOMOV, Antarctic Science 10 (1): 55-61 (1998)
12DENSITIES OF ANTARCTIC SEABIRDS AT SEA AND THE PRESENCE OF THE KRILL EUPHAUSIA SUPERBA, BRYAN S. OBST, The Auk 102: 540-549. July 1985
13Feeding ecology of myctophid fishes in the northern Scotia Sea, R. S. Shreeve, M. A. Collins, G. A. Tarling, C. E. Main, P. Ward, N. M. Johnston, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 386: 221–236, 2009
14Prey composition and daily rations of myctophid fishes in the Southern Ocean, E. A. Pakhomov, R. Perissinotto, C. D. McQuaid, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 134: 1-14, 1996
15Food and feeding ecology of the sympatric thin-billed Pachyptila belcheri and Antarctic P. desolata prions at Iles Kerguelen, Southern Indian Ocean, Yves Cherel, Pierrick Bocher, Claude De Broyer, Keith A. Hobson, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 228: 263–281, 2002
16Exploitation of mesoscale oceanographic features by grey-headed albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma in the southern Indian Ocean, D. C. Nel, J. R. E. Lutjeharms, E. A. Pakhomov, I. J. Ansorge, P. G. Ryan, N. T. W. Klages, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 217: 15–26, 2001
17Biology of the Antarctic dragonfish Vomeridens infuscipinnis (Notothenioidei: Bathydraconidae), KRISTEN L. KUHN, THOMAS J. NEAR, H. WILLIAM DETRICH III and JOSEPH T. EASTMAN, Antarctic Science 23(1), 18–26 (2011)
18Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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