Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Orchidaceae

Orchidaceae (orchids)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and often fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family. Along with the Asteraceae, they are one of the two largest families of flowering plants. The Orchidaceae have about 28,000 currently accepted species, distributed in about 763 genera. The determination of which family is larger is still under debate, because verified data on the members of such enormous families are continually in flux. Regardless, the number of orchid species nearly equals the number of bony fishes and is more than twice the number of bird species, and about four times the number of mammal species. The family also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species)
View Wikipedia Record: Orchidaceae

Genus

Aa (27)
Acampe (8)
Acanthophippium (13)
Achlydosa (1)
Acianthera (272)   (2)
Acianthus (21)
Acineta (17)
Acriopsis (10)
Acrolophia (7)
Acrorchis (1)
Adamantinia (1)
Adenochilus (2)
Adenoncos (17)
Adrorhizon (1)
Aenhenrya (1)
Aerangis (61)   (2)
Aeranthes (44)   (6)
Aerides (Cat's-tail Orchid) (30)   (1)
Aetheorhyncha (1)
Aganisia (3)
Aglossorrhyncha (13)
Agrostophyllum (135)
Alamania (1)
Alatiliparis (5)
Altensteinia (8)
Ambrella (1)
Amesiella (4)   (2)
Amoana (2)
Anacamptiplatanthera (1)
Anacamptis (34)
Anacamptorchis (9)
Anathallis (173)   (2)
Ancistrochilus (2)
Ancistrorhynchus (17)   (2)
Andinia (15)
Angraecopsis (22)   (3)
Angraecum (225)   (24)
Anguloa (15)   (1)
Ania (6)
Anoectochilus (anoectochilus) (46)   (1)
Ansellia (1)
Anthogonium (1)
Aphyllorchis (21)
Aplectrum (Adam and Eve) (1)
Aporostylis (1)
Apostasia (8)
Appendicula (151)
Aracamunia (1)
Arachnis (16)
Archivea (1)
Arethusa (dragon's mouth) (1)
Arnottia (4)
Arpophyllum (3)
Arthrochilus (15)
Artorima (1)
Arundina (bamboo orchid) (1)
Ascidieria (8)
Aspasia (7)
Aspidogyne (69)
Aulosepalum (8)
Auxopus (4)
Barbosella (19)
Barkeria (16)
Bartholina (Spider Orchid) (2)
Basiphyllaea (basiphyllaea) (7)
Baskervilla (10)
Batemannia (5)
Beclardia (2)
Beloglottis (6)
Bensteinia (1)
Benthamia (31)   (10)
Benzingia (9)
Bidoupia (2)
Biermannia (9)
Bifrenaria (21)
Bipinnula (10)
Bletia (bletia) (36)
Bletilla (bletilla) (5)
Bogoria (4)
Bolusiella (5)
Bonatea (13)
Brachionidium (cup orchid) (78)   (3)
Brachycorythis (37)   (1)
Brachypeza (12)
Brachystele (20)
Bracisepalum (2)
Braemia (1)
Brassavola (brassavola) (24)
Brassia (brassia) (68)
Brassocattleya (6)
Bromheadia (30)
Broughtonia (broughtonia) (8)
Brownleea (8)
Bryobium (8)
Buchtienia (4)
Bulbophyllum (bulbophyllum) (2,027)   (26)
Bulleyia (1)   (1)
Burnettia (1)
Caladenia (316)
Calanthe (218)
Calassodia (1)
Caleana (duck orchids) (14)
Callostylis (4)
Calochilus (27)
Calopogon (grasspink) (5)
Caluera (3)
Calymmanthera (5)
Calypso (fairy slipper) (1)
Calyptrochilum (2)
Campanulorchis (5)
Campylocentrum (bentspur orchid) (83)
Capanemia (9)
Cardiochilos (1)
Catasetum (catasetum) (201)
Cattleya (cattleya) (230)
Cattleychea (3)
Cattlianthe (1)
Catyclia (1)
Caucaea (14)
Caularthron (4)
Centroglossa (5)
Centrostigma (3)
Cephalanthera (cephalanthera) (25)
Cephalantheropsis (5)
Cephalopactis (2)
Cephalorchis (1)
Ceratandra (6)
Ceratocentron (1)   (1)
Ceratostylis (147)
Chamaeanthus (2)
Chamaegastrodia (3)
Chamelophyton (1)
Chamorchis (1)
Changnienia (2)   (1)
Chaubardia (3)
Chaubardiella (8)
Chauliodon (1)
Cheiradenia (1)
Cheirostylis (55)   (1)
Chelonistele (14)
Chelyorchis (2)
Chiloglottis (25)
Chiloschista (20)
Chloraea (52)
Chondrorhyncha (7)
Chondroscaphe (14)
Chroniochilus (5)
Chrysoglossum (4)
Chysis (11)
Chytroglossa (3)
Cirrhaea (7)
Cischweinfia (11)
Claderia (2)
Cleisocentron (6)
Cleisomeria (2)
Cleisostoma (97)
Cleisostomopsis (2)
Cleistes (rosebud orchid) (75)
Cleistesiopsis (3)
Clematepistephium (1)
Clowesia (7)
Coccineorchis (7)
Cochleanthes (cochleanthes) (4)   (1)
Cochlezella (1)
Codonorchis (2)
Coelia (5)
Coeliopsis (1)
Coelogyne (205)
Coenoemersa (3)
Coilochilus (1)
Collabium (15)
Comparettia (comparettia) (78)
Conchidium (17)
Constantia (6)
Cooktownia (Mystery Orchid) (1)
Corallorhiza (coralroot) (11)
Coryanthes (Bucket Orchids) (61)
Corybas (144)   (1)
Corycium (13)
Corymborkis (crow orchid) (6)
Cottonia (1)
Cotylolabium (1)
Cranichis (helmet orchid) (62)
Cremastra (5)
Crepidium (293)
Cribbia (4)   (2)
Crossoglossa (49)
Crossoliparis (1)
Cryptarrhena (3)
Cryptochilus (5)
Cryptopus (4)   (2)
Cryptopylos (1)
Cryptostylis (23)
Cuitlauzina (7)
Cyanaeorchis (3)
Cyanthera (1)
Cybebus (1)
Cyclopogon (ladies'-tresses) (89)   (1)
Cycnoches (33)
Cymbidiella (3)
Cymbidium (cymbidium) (91)   (2)
Cynorkis (161)   (29)
Cyperorchis (1)
Cypholoron (2)
Cypripedium (lady's slipper) (157)   (25)
Cyrtochiloides (3)
Cyrtochilum (185)
Cyrtopodium (cyrtopodium) (48)
Cyrtorchis (18)
Cyrtosia (5)
Cyrtostylis (5)
Cystorchis (21)
Dactylanthera (4)
Dactylocamptis (16)
Dactylodenia (23)
Dactylorhiza (keyflower) (118)   (2)
Dactylostalix (1)
Daiotyla (4)
Danhatchia (1)
Danxiaorchis (1)
Deceptor (1)
Degranvillea (1)
Deiregyne (24)
Dendrobium (dendrobium) (1,574)   (10)
Dendrochilum (285)
Dendrophylax (15)   (1)
Devogelia (1)
Diaphananthe (32)   (3)
Diceratostele (1)
Dichaea (leafystem orchid) (122)
Dichromanthus (4)
Dickasonia (1)
Didymoplexiella (7)
Didymoplexiopsis (1)
Didymoplexis (20)
Dienia (6)
Diglyphosa (3)
Dilochia (10)
Dilochiopsis (1)
Dilomilis (dilomilis) (5)
Dimerandra (7)
Dimorphorchis (8)
Dinema (1)
Dinklageella (4)
Diodonopsis (5)
Diplocentrum (2)
Diplomeris (3)
Diploprora (2)
Dipodium (28)
Disa (189)
Discyphus (1)
Disperis (80)   (10)
Distylodon (2)
Diuris (97)   (1)
Domingoa (domingoa) (5)
Dossinia (1)
Dracomonticola (1)
Draconanthes (2)
Dracula (141)
Drakaea (Hammer Orchids) (10)
Dresslerella (13)
Dressleria (13)
Dryadella (57)
Dryadorchis (5)
Drymoanthus (4)
Duckeella (4)
Dunstervillea (1)
Dyakia (1)
Earina (7)
Echinorhyncha (5)
Echinosepala (11)
Eclecticus (1)
Eggelingia (3)
Eleorchis (1)
Elleanthus (tiger orchid) (118)
Eloyella (10)
Eltroplectris (eltroplectris) (14)
Embreea (2)
Encyclia (butterfly orchid) (186)   (2)
Entomophobia (1)
Ephippianthus (2)
Epiblastus (23)
Epiblema (1)
Epicattleya (1)
Epidendrum (star orchid) (1,595)   (4)
Epipactis (helleborine) (79)   (4)
Epipogium (4)
Epistephium (28)
Erasanthe (1)
Eria (243)   (1)
Eriaxis (1)
Eriochilus (11)
Eriodes (1)
Eriopsis (5)
Erycina (7)
Erythrodes (false helmetorchid) (28)
Erythrorchis (2)
Eulophia (wild coco) (203)   (7)
Eulophiella (7)
Euryblema (2)
Eurycentrum (7)
Eurychone (2)
Eurystyles (custard orchid) (20)
Evotella (2)
Fernandezia (58)
Frondaria (1)
Fuertesiella (1)
Funkiella (7)
Galeandra (hooded orchid) (39)   (1)
Galearis (galearis) (10)
Galeoglossum (3)
Galeola (6)
Galeottia (12)
Galeottiella (2)
Gastrochilus (62)   (1)
Gastrodia (80)   (2)
Gastrorchis (8)   (1)
Gavilea (17)
Geesinkorchis (4)
Gennaria (2)
Genoplesium (51)
Genyorchis (9)   (2)
Geodorum (8)
Glomera (167)
Gomesa (132)   (1)
Gomphichis (35)
Gonatostylis (2)
Gongora (75)
Goodyera (rattlesnake plantain) (99)   (3)
Govenia (govenia) (26)
Grammangis (2)   (1)
Grammatophyllum (13)
Grandiphyllum (8)   (1)
Graphorkis (4)   (1)
Grobya (5)
Grosourdya (22)
Guanchezia (1)
Guarechea (1)
Guarianthe (5)
Guaridendrum (3)
Gunnarella (9)
Gymnadenia (gymnadenia) (48)   (6)
Gymnanacamptis (3)
Gymnotraunsteinera (1)
Gymplatanthera (2)
Gynoglottis (1)
Habenari-orchis (1)
Habenaria (bog orchid) (871)   (7)
Hadrocattleya (1)
Hagsatera (2)
Halleorchis (1)
Hammarbya (Bog Orchid) (1)
Hancockia (1)
Hapalorchis (hapalorchis) (12)
Hederorkis (2)   (1)
Helleriella (helleriella) (2)
Helonoma (4)
Hemipilia (14)   (3)
Herminium (41)
Herpysma (1)
Hetaeria (28)
Hexalectris (crested coralroot) (10)   (2)
Himantoglossum (11)   (1)
Hintonella (1)
Hippeophyllum (10)
Hoehneella (2)
Hofmeisterella (2)
Holcoglossum (20)   (1)
Holothrix (46)
Homalopetalum (9)
Horichia (1)
Horvatia (1)
Houlletia (9)
Hsenhsua (1)
Huntleya (14)
Huttonaea (5)
Hylophila (7)
Hymenorchis (13)
Imerinaea (1)
Ionopsis (violet orchid) (6)
Ipsea (3)
Isabelia (4)
Isadendrum (1)
Ischnogyne (1)
Isochilus (isochilus) (13)
Isotria (fiveleaf orchid) (2)
Ixyophora (5)
Jacquiniella (tufted orchid) (12)
Jejewoodia (6)
Jumellea (58)   (1)
Kalimantanorchis (1)
Kefersteinia (71)
Kegeliella (4)
Kionophyton (3)
Kipandiorchis (1)
Koellensteinia (koellensteinia) (11)
Kreodanthus (13)
Kuhlhasseltia (10)
Lacaena (2)
Laelia (laelia) (29)
Laeliocattleya (5)
Lankesterella (11)
Lecanorchis (27)
Lemurella (4)
Lemurorchis (1)
Leochilus (leochilus) (12)
Lepanthes (babyboot orchid) (1,160)
Lepanthopsis (lepanthopsis) (45)
Lepidogyne (1)
Leporella (1)
Leptoceras (1)
Leptotes (10)
Limodorum (4)
Liparis (widelip orchid) (442)   (2)
Listrostachys (1)
Lockhartia (33)
Lockia (1)
Loefgrenianthus (1)
Ludisia (jewel orchid) (2)
Lueckelia (1)
Lueddemannia (3)
Luisia (41)
Lycamerlycaste (1)
Lycaste (lycaste) (49)
Lycomormium (5)
Lyperanthus (2)
Lyroglossa (2)
Macodes (jewel orchids) (11)
Macradenia (macradenia) (13)
Macroclinium (45)
Macropodanthus (9)
Malaxis (adder's-mouth orchid) (167)   (1)
Manniella (2)   (1)
Margelliantha (6)
Masdevallia (masdevallia) (642)   (2)
Maxillaria (tiger orchid) (640)   (2)
Mediocalcar (17)
Megalorchis (1)
Megastylis (6)
Meiracyllium (2)
Mesadenella (9)
Mesadenus (ladies'-tresses) (6)
Mexipedium (1)   (1)
Microchilus (151)   (1)
Microcoelia (31)
Microepidendrum (1)
Micropera (22)
Microsaccus (12)
Microthelys (7)
Microtis (onion orchids) (20)
Miltonia (pansy orchid) (20)
Miltonidium (2)
Miltoniopsis (6)
Mobilabium (1)
Monophyllorchis (4)
Mormodes (85)
Muscarella (52)
Mycaranthes (36)
Myoxanthus (48)
Myrmechis (17)
Myrmecolaelia (1)
Myrmecophila (12)   (1)
Myrosmodes (12)
Mystacidium (10)   (2)
Nabaluia (3)
Nemaconia (6)
Neobathiea (6)
Neobolusia (3)
Neocogniauxia (2)
Neogardneria (1)
Neogyna (1)
Neomoorea (1)
Neotinacamptis (4)
Neotinarhiza (1)
Neotinea (5)
Neottia (71)   (2)
Nephelaphyllum (11)
Nephrangis (2)
Nervilia (75)
Neuwiedia (8)
Nidema (nidema) (2)
Nohawilliamsia (1)
Notheria (1)
Nothostele (2)
Notylia (55)
Notyliopsis (1)
Oberonia (328)
Oberonioides (2)
Octarrhena (54)
Octomeria (166)
Odisha (1)
Odontochilus (42)
Odontoglossum (1)
Odontorrhynchus (6)
Oeceoclades (monk orchid) (40)   (1)
Oeonia (5)
Oeoniella (2)
Oestlundia (4)
Oligophyton (1)
Oliveriana (12)
Omoea (2)
Oncidium (dancing-lady orchid) (363)
Ophioglossella (1)
Ophrys (ophrys) (149)
Orchiaceras (1)
Orchicoeloglossum (1)
Orchidactylorhiza (5)
Orchigymnadenia (1)
Orchimantoglossum (3)
Orchinea (4)
Orchipedum (3)
Orchiplatanthera (1)
Orchis (orchis) (70)   (1)
Orchiserapias (2)
Oreorchis (18)   (1)
Orestias (4)
Orleanesia (9)
Ornithocephalus (55)
Orthoceras (2)
Ossiculum (1)   (1)
Otochilus (5)
Otoglossum (20)
Otostylis (2)
Oxystophyllum (36)   (1)
Pabstia (5)
Pabstiella (124)
Pachites (2)
Pachyplectron (3)
Pachystoma (2)
Palmorchis (26)
Panisea (13)   (1)
Paphinia (16)
Paphiopedilum (Venus' slipper) (132)   (81)
Papilionanthe (11)
Papillilabium (1)
Papuaea (1)
Paradisanthus (1)
Paralophia (2)
Paraphalaenopsis (4)
Pecteilis (9)
Pelatantheria (8)
Pelexia (hachuela) (87)
Penkimia (1)
Pennilabium (17)
Peristeranthus (1)
Peristeria (14)
Peristylus (113)   (1)
Pescatoria (26)
Pescatoscaphe (1)
Phaius (nun's-hood orchid) (47)
Phalaenopsis (moth orchid) (83)   (3)
Pheladenia (1)
Phloeophila (9)
Pholidota (41)
Phragmipedium (37)   (14)
Phragmorchis (1)
Phreatia (218)
Phymatidium (9)
Physoceras (12)   (1)
Physogyne (3)
Pilophyllum (1)
Pinalia (113)
Platanthera (fringed orchid) (158)   (4)
Platycoryne (19)
Platylepis (19)
Platyrhiza (1)
Platystele (109)
Plectorrhiza (3)
Plectrelminthus (1)
Plectrophora (10)
Pleione (27)   (1)
Pleurothallis (Pleurothallis orchid) (511)
Pleurothallopsis (18)
Plocoglottis (41)
Poaephyllum (7)
Podangis (2)
Podochilus (64)
Pogonia (pogonia) (5)
Pogoniopsis (2)
Polycycnis (17)
Polyotidium (1)
Polystachya (yellowspike orchid) (242)   (28)
Pomatocalpa (25)
Ponera (2)
Ponerorchis (50)   (6)
Ponthieva (Shadow Witch) (71)
Porpax (15)
Porphyroglottis (1)
Porphyrostachys (2)
Porroglossum (53)
Porrorhachis (2)
Potosia (4)
Praecoxanthus (1)
Prasophyllum (Leek Orchids) (133)   (1)
Prescottia (17)
Promenaea (16)
Prosthechea (126)
Pseudadenia (5)
Pseuderia (20)
Pseudinium (1)
Pseuditella (1)
Pseudocentrum (13)
Pseudogoodyera (1)
Pseudolaelia (15)
Pseudorchis (bog orchid) (1)
Pseudorhiza (5)
Pseudovanilla (8)
Psilochilus (psilochilus) (19)
Psychilis (peacock orchid) (17)
Psychopsiella (1)
Psychopsis (butterfly orchid) (4)
Psytonia (1)
Pterichis (35)
Pteroceras (21)
Pteroglossa (10)
Pterostemma (4)
Pterostylis (Greenhood Orchid) (242)
Pterygodium (20)
Pygmaeorchis (2)
Pyrorchis (2)
Quechua (1)
Quekettia (5)
Quisqueya (4)
Rangaeris (5)
Rauhiella (3)
Renanthera (renanthera) (22)   (1)
Restrepia (58)
Restrepiella (3)
Rhaesteria (1)
Rhinerrhiza (1)
Rhinerrhizopsis (3)
Rhipidoglossum (38)   (2)
Rhizanthella (underground orchids) (3)
Rhomboda (23)
Rhynchanthe (1)
Rhynchogyna (3)
Rhyncholaelia (2)
Rhynchostele (19)
Rhynchostylis (4)
Ridleyella (1)
Rimacola (1)
Risleya (1)
Robiquetia (81)
Rodriguezia (50)
Roeperocharis (5)
Rossioglossum (11)
Rudolfiella (6)
Saccolabiopsis (14)
Saccolabium (4)
Sacoila (8)
Sanderella (2)
Sansonia (2)
Santotomasia (1)
Sarcanthopsis (5)
Sarcochilus (24)
Sarcoglottis (47)
Sarcoglyphis (14)
Sarcophyton (3)
Sarcostoma (5)
Satyrium (91)
Saundersia (2)
Sauroglossum (11)
Scaphosepalum (50)
Scaphyglottis (scaphyglottis) (78)
Schiedeella (20)
Schistotylus (1)
Schizochilus (11)
Schlimia (7)
Schoenorchis (25)
Schombolaelia (1)
Schuitemania (1)
Schunkea (1)
Scuticaria (12)
Seegeriella (3)
Seidenfadenia (1)
Seidenfadeniella (3)
Selenipedium (10)   (7)
Serapias (40)   (1)
Serapicamptis (26)
Serapirhiza (1)
Sertifera (9)
Shizhenia (1)
Sievekingia (16)
Silvorchis (1)
Singchia (1)
Sirhookera (2)
Sirindhornia (3)
Skeptrostachys (12)
Smithsonia (3)
Smitinandia (3)
Sobennikoffia (4)   (1)
Sobralia (sobralia) (163)
Solenangis (7)
Solenidium (3)
Solenocentrum (4)
Soterosanthus (1)
Sotoa (1)
Spathoglottis (ground orchid) (49)
Specklinia (103)
Speculantha (1)
Sphyrarhynchus (1)
Spiculaea (1)
Spiranthes (Ladies'-tresses) (42)   (2)
Spongiola (1)
Stalkya (1)
Stanhopea (stanhopea) (81)
Stelis (leach orchid) (1,018)
Stenia (22)
Stenoglottis (8)
Stenoptera (7)
Stenorrhynchos (lady orchid) (5)
Stenotyla (9)
Stephanothelys (5)
Stereochilus (many-lined salamanders) (7)
Stereosandra (1)
Steveniella (1)
Stichorkis (18)
Stigmatodactylus (13)
Stolzia (17)   (7)
Suarezia (1)
Sudamerlycaste (44)
Summerhayesia (2)
Sutrina (2)
Svenkoeltzia (3)
Systeloglossum (5)
Taeniophyllum (239)
Taeniorrhiza (1)
Tainia (29)
Tamayorkis (4)
Taprobanea (1)
Teagueia (14)
Telipogon (229)
Tetramicra (wallflower orchid) (10)
Teuscheria (10)
Thaia (1)
Theana (1)
Thecopus (2)
Thecostele (1)
Thelasis (28)
Thelymitra (sun orchids) (125)
Thelyschista (1)
Thrixspermum (184)
Thulinia (1)
Thunia (5)
Thuniopsis (1)
Thysanoglossa (3)
Tipularia (tipularia) (7)
Tolumnia (dancing-lady orchid) (30)
Tomzanonia (1)
Townsonia (2)
Trachoma (17)
Traunsteinera (2)
Trevoria (5)
Triceratorhynchus (1)
Trichocentrum (94)
Trichoceros (10)
Trichoglottis (85)   (1)
Trichopilia (46)
Trichosalpinx (bonnet orchid) (120)
Trichotosia (82)
Tridactyle (50)   (5)
Triphora (noddingcaps) (21)   (2)
Trisetella (24)
Trizeuxis (1)
Tropidia (tropidia) (33)
Tsaiorchis (2)
Tuberolabium (9)
Tylostigma (8)   (5)
Uleiorchis (4)
Uncifera (6)
Vanda (vanda) (84)   (2)
Vandaenopsis (1)
Vandoglossum (1)
Vandopsis (4)
Vanilla (Vanilla) (117)   (8)
Vargasiella (2)
Vasqueziella (1)
Veyretella (2)
Veyretia (11)
Vietorchis (2)
Vitekorchis (4)
Vrydagzynea (44)
Waireia (1)
Warczewiczella (11)
Warmingia (4)
Warrea (3)
Warreella (2)
Warreopsis (4)
Wullschlaegelia (wullschlaegelia) (2)
Xerorchis (2)
Xylobium (39)
Yoania (4)
Ypsilopus (5)
Zelenkoa (1)
Zeuxine (zeuxine) (76)
Zootrophion (28)
Zygopetalum (14)
Zygosepalum (8)
Zygostates (24)

(...) = Species count
(...) = Endangered count
(...) = Invasive count

Emblem of

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic Of

External References

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