Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Hynobiidae > Paradactylodon > Paradactylodon gorganensis

Paradactylodon gorganensis (Gorgan mountain salamander)

Synonyms: Batrachuperus gorganensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Gorgan salamander (Paradactylodon gorganensis) is a species of salamanders in the Hynobiidae family, endemic to a single location in Iran, the caves near the Shir-Abad Waterfall.Its habitats are freshwater springs, inland karsts, and caves. It is threatened by habitat loss and considered critically endangered due to its extremely limted range and small population size.
View Wikipedia Record: Paradactylodon gorganensis

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Paradactylodon gorganensis

EDGE Analysis

The Gorgan mountain salamander is restricted to a single cave and stream in the mountains of northern Iran. It lives almost entirely in water, feeding on invertebrates and breeding in a long, narrow pool within the Shir-Abad cave. During mating, the female produces paired arc-shaped, gelatinous egg sacs, each containing 35-70 eggs. The male grasps these and fertilises them externally. There are only around 100 breeding adults remaining, and all are threatened by a restricted distribution and numerous visitors each year to the Shir-Abad cave. The is some question regarding whether the Gorgan mountain salamander is a separate species, or a local population of the Persia mountain salamander (Paradactylodon persicus).
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.05
EDGE Score: 5.82
View EDGE Record: Paradactylodon gorganensis


Litters / Year [1]  1


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey Yes


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License