Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Hynobiidae > Paradactylodon > Paradactylodon mustersi

Paradactylodon mustersi (Paghman mountain salamander)

Synonyms: Batrachuperus mustersi

Wikipedia Abstract

The Paghman stream salamander or the Afghani brook salamander (Paradactylodon mustersi) is a salamander endemic to Afghanistan. It inhabits cool highland streams. The total population is estimated at 1,000–2,000 adults. It is only found in an area of 10 km2. P. mustersi is known to reside in the Paghman Mountains in Afghanistan, where it lives in fast-running waters (the adults and the eggs or larvae in calmer, deeper water) which are formed from melting glaciers. Currently, it can only be found in cold water: it has only been found in water ranging from 0 to 14°C.
View Wikipedia Record: Paradactylodon mustersi

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Paradactylodon mustersi

EDGE Analysis

The Paghman mountain salamander is entirely water-dwelling and restricted to three tributaries of the Paghman stream drainage system. The stream is fed by melting glaciers and this species seems to prefer cold, fast-flowing water below 14°C. Fertilisation of paired egg sacs is external, and these sacs are attached to the underside of rocks and guarded by the males. The wild population is now only 1,000-2,000 individuals and is declining at lower elevations. It is threatened by irrigation reducing stream flow, livestock grazing, human/livestock traffic, and stream damming to provide water for Kabul. The impact of the war in Afghanistan is not known, but it makes current conservation action and surveys very difficult.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.05
EDGE Score: 5.82
View EDGE Record: Paradactylodon mustersi


Adult Length [1]  4.961 inches (12.6 cm)
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  11 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Paghman Mountains Afghanistan


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License