Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Anaxyrus > Anaxyrus boreas
 

Anaxyrus boreas (Western Toad)

Synonyms: Bufo boreas; Bufo politus

Wikipedia Abstract

The western toad (Anaxyrus boreas, formerly Bufo boreas) is a large toad species, between 5.6 and 13 cm (2.2 and 5.1 in) long, native to western North America. A. boreas is frequently encountered during the wet season on roads, or near water at other times. When handled adults often vocalize, making a sound like a peeping chick while struggling. It eats any type of insect it can catch. It can jump a considerable distance for a toad. Breeding occurs between March and July in mountainous areas, and as early as January in lower-elevation regions. The female lays up to 17,000 eggs stuck together in strings that adhere to vegetation and other objects along water edges.
View Wikipedia Record: Anaxyrus boreas

Infraspecies

Anaxyrus boreas boreas (Boreal Toad)
Anaxyrus boreas halophilus (Southern California Toad)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.55
EDGE Score: 2.41

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [2]  3 years
Gestation [2]  6 days
Litter Size [2]  5,200
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  4.921 inches (12.5 cm)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Distoichometra bufonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia pipiens <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America;

External References

Audio

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Provided by Center for Biological Diversity via Myxer Author: Gary Nafis

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2