Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Phrynoidis > Phrynoidis juxtaspera

Phrynoidis juxtaspera

Synonyms: Bufo juxtasper

Wikipedia Abstract

Phrynoidis juxtasper, also known as the giant river toad or Borneo river toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in Borneo (Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia) and Sumatra (Indonesia) below 1,600 m (5,200 ft) asl.
View Wikipedia Record: Phrynoidis juxtaspera

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.24
EDGE Score: 2.5


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Litters / Year [1]  1
Snout to Vent Length [1]  8 inches (21.5 cm)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Montgomery Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License