Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Pyrus > Pyrus communis
 

Pyrus communis (common pear)

Wikipedia Abstract

Pyrus communis, known as the European pear or common pear, is a species of pear native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia. It is one of the most important fruits of temperate regions, being the species from which most orchard pear cultivars grown in Europe, North America, and Australia have been developed. Two other species of pears, the Nashi pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) and the hybrid Chinese white or ya pear (Pyrus × bretschneideri, Chinese: 白梨; pinyin: báilí) are more widely grown in East Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Pyrus communis

Infraspecies

Pyrus communis subsp. caucasica (European Pear) (Attributes)
Pyrus communis subsp. communis (Sosnovsky's Pear) (Endangered)
Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster (Attributes)

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Janka Hardness [3]  1660 lbf (753 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Specific Gravity [5]  0.632
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A yellow-tan dye is obtained from the leaves; Trees are sometimes used as part of a shelterbelt planting; Wood - heavy, tough, durable, fine grained, hard. It weighs 51lb per cubic foot; Used by cabinet and instrument makers; When covered with black varnish it is an excellent ebony substitute;
Height [2]  43 feet (13 m)
Width [1]  27 feet (8.1 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Rich
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Pyrus communis

Protected Areas

Predators

Providers

Parasite of 
Gymnosporangium sabinae[10]

Consumers

Distribution

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
12CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150
13DIET AND FEEDING BEHAVIOR OF THE REDDISH-BELLIED PARAKEET (PYRRHURA FRONTALIS) IN AN ARAUCARIA FOREST IN SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL, Giane C. Kristosch & Luiz O. Marcondes-Machado, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 12: 215–223, 2001
14Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License