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Fragaria vesca (Wild Strawberry)

Wikipedia Abstract

Fragaria vesca, commonly called wild strawberry, woodland strawberry, Alpine strawberry, European strawberry, or fraise des bois, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the rose family that grows naturally throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, and that produces edible fruits.
View Wikipedia Record: Fragaria vesca

Infraspecies

Fragaria vesca subsp. americana (Woodland strawberry)
Fragaria vesca subsp. bracteata (Attributes)
Fragaria vesca subsp. californica (California strawberry)
Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca (Woodland strawberry) (Attributes)

Invasive Species

Fragaria vesca is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial. It is found in disturbed areas, degraded forests and along roads and paths. In Hawaii, the species is naturalized in mesic areas and moist forests, between 700 and 1700 m. It spreads very rapidly by stolons and can form dense stands. In La R
View ISSG Record: Fragaria vesca

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [2]  White
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera
Structure [5]  Herb
Usage [3]  The fruit is used as a tooth cleaner; The fresh fruit removes stains from teeth if it is allowed to remain for about 5 minutes; The fruit is also used cosmetically in skin-care creams; It tones and whitens the skin, combats wrinkles, lightens freckles, soothes sunburn and whitens the teeth;
Height [3]  10 inches (0.25 m)
Width [3]  39 inches (1 m)
Light Preference [4]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
View Plants For A Future Record : Fragaria vesca

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Predators

Providers

Pollinated by 
Bombus melanopygus (orange-rumped bumblebee)[17]
Heriades gracilior[17]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anthonomus rubi (Strawberry Blossom Weevil)[8]
Podosphaera aphanis[16]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Ecology of Commanster
9Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
10Food eaten by the free-living European bison in Białowieża Forest, Zofia GĘBCZYŃSKA, Marek GĘBCZYŃSKI and Ewa MARTYNOWICZ, Acta Theriologica 36 (3-4), 307-313, 1991.
11SNOW VOLE - Chionomys nivalis (Martins 1842), Janeau G., Aulagnier S., IBEX J.M.E. 4:1997
12Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
13Food plants and feeding habits of Himalayan ungulates, Anjali Awasthi, Sanjay Kr. Uniyal, Gopal S. Rawat and S. Sathyakumar, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 85, NO. 6, 25 SEPTEMBER 2003
14Neotoma fuscipes, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 386, pp. 1-10 (1991)
15NOTES ON THE DIET OF THE CRIMSON-COLLARED GROSBEAK (RHODOTHRAUPIS CELAENO) IN NORTHEASTERN MEXICO, Jack Clinton Eitniear & Alvaro Aragon Tapia, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 11: 363–364, 2000
16Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
17Clements, R. E., and F. L. Long. 1923, Experimental pollination. An outline of the ecology of flowers and insects. Washington, D.C., USA, Carnegie Institute of Washington.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License