Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Cirsium > Cirsium palustre

Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)


Wikipedia Abstract

Cirsium palustre, the marsh thistle or European swamp thistle, is a herbaceous biennial (or often perennial) species of the genus Cirsium. Cirsium palustre is a tall thistle which reaches up to 2 metres (7 ft) in height. The strong stems have few branches and are covered in small spines. In its first year the plant grows as a dense rosette, at first with narrow, entire leaves with spiny, dark purple edges; later, larger leaves are lobed. In the subsequent years the plant grows a tall, straight stem, the tip of which branches repeatedly, bearing a candelabra of dark purple flowers, 10–20 millimetres (0.4–0.8 in) with purple-tipped bracts. In the northern hemisphere these are produced from June to September. The flowers are occasionally white, in which case the purple edges to the leaves are
View Wikipedia Record: Cirsium palustre


Bee Flower Color [1]  Blue
Flower Color [1]  Purple
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [2]  Biennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Beetles, Bats
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  The seed fluff is used as a tinder; The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression; No details of potential yields etc are given;
Height [2]  4.92 feet (1.5 m)
Width [2]  16 inches (0.4 m)
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [3]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [3]  Damp
View Plants For A Future Record : Cirsium palustre

Protected Areas






External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Ecology of Commanster
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License