Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Taraxacum > Taraxacum campylodes
 

Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)

Invasive Species

Taraxacum officinale is one of the most wide-spread weeds of North America, Asia and Europe. On French sub-Antarctic islands, where Taraxacum officinale has been introduced, the disappearance of native plants over wide areas, due to the impact of rabbits and global warming, coincided with a demographic explosion of Taraxacum officinale and other introduced plants, resulting in the homogenisation of plant communities.
View ISSG Record: Taraxacum campylodes

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [3]  Porous
Screening - Winter [3]  Porous
Bee Flower Color [2]  UV-Green
Flower Color [3]  Yellow
Foliage Color [3]  Green
Fruit Color [3]  Brown
Bloom Period [3]  Early Spring
Dispersal Mode [6]  Anemochory
Drought Tolerance [3]  Medium
Edible [4]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [4]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [3]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [3]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [3]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [3]  Summer
Growth Form [3]  Single Crown
Growth Period [3]  Spring, Fall
Growth Rate [3]  Rapid
Hazards [4]  This plant has been mentioned in various books on poisonous plants but any possible toxins will be of very low concentration and toxicity; There are reports that some people have suffered dermatitis as a result of touching the plant, this is probably caused by the latex in the leaves and stems;
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [4]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Bats, Apomictic
Propagation [3]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [3]  Moderate
Root Depth [3]  6 inches (15 cm)
Scent [4]  The flowers have an unpleasant odour;
Seed Spread Rate [3]  Rapid
Seed Vigor [3]  High
Seeds Per [3]  562479 / lb (1240055 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [3]  Prostrate
Structure [7]  Herb
Usage [4]  The flowers are an ingredient of 'QR' herbal compost activator; This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost; A liquid plant feed can be made from the root and leaves; A low quality latex, which can be used for making rubber, can be obtained from the roots of this plant. A magenta-brown dye is obtained from the root; The plant releases ethylene gas, this stunts the growth of nearby plants and causes premature ripening of fruits; A distilled water made from the ligules (thin appendages at the base of the leaf blades) is used cosmetically to clear the skin and is particularly effective in fading freckles;
Vegetative Spread Rate [3]  None
Flower Conspicuous [3]  Yes
Height [4]  18 inches (0.45 m)
Width [4]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [3]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [5]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [5]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [5]  Moist
Water Use [3]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Taraxacum campylodes

Protected Areas

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Ecosystems

Predators

Providers

Consumers

Distribution

1 - Europe, ; 1 - Europe, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 2 - Africa, 27 - Southern Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Kirgizistan (KGZ), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Korea (KOR), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Malaya (MLY), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, North Caucasus (NCS), ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Vietnam (VIE), ; 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, Alberta (ABT), Alberta (ABT-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Chaco (AGE-CH); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Corrientes (AGE-CN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Argentina Distrito Federal (AGE-DF); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Entre Ríos (AGE-ER); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Formosa (AGE-FO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), La Pampa (AGE-LP); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Misiones (AGE-MI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Chubut (AGS-CB); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Neuquén (AGS-NE); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Rio Negro (AGS-RN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Santa Cruz (AGS-SC); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Tierra del Fuego (Argentina) (AGS-TF); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Catamarca (AGW-CA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Jujuy (AGW-JU); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), La Rioja (AGW-LR); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Mendoza (AGW-ME); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Salta (AGW-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Santiago del Estero (AGW-SE); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), San Juan (AGW-SJ); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), San Luis (AGW-SL); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Tucuman (AGW-TU); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Alabama (ALA), Alabama (ALA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Amur (AMU), Amur (AMU-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., Arizona (ARI), Arizona (ARI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Arkansas (ARK), Arkansas (ARK-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Alaska (ASK), Alaska (ASK-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Bolivia (BOL), Bolivia (BOL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, British Columbia (BRC), British Columbia (BRC-OO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Rio Grande do Sul (BZS-RS); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Santa Catarina (BZS-SC); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Xinjiang (CHX), Xinjiang (CHX-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Biobío (CLC-BI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Coquimbo (CLC-CO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), La Araucania (CLC-LA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Maule (CLC-MA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), O'Higgins (CLC-OH); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Santiago (CLC-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Valparaíso (CLC-VA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile North (CLN), Antofagasta (CLN-AN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile North (CLN), Atacama (CLN-AT); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Aisén (CLS-AI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Los Lagos (CLS-LL); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Magellanes (CLS-MG); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Connecticut (CNT), Connecticut (CNT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Colorado (COL), Colorado (COL-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Cook Is. (COO), Cook Is. (COO-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Chita (CTA), Chita (CTA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Delaware (DEL), Delaware (DEL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Desventurados Is. (DSV), Desventurados Is. (DSV-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Easter Is. (EAS), Easter Is. (EAS-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Ecuador (ECU), Ecuador (ECU-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, El Salvador (ELS), El Salvador (ELS-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Fiji (FIJ), Fiji (FIJ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Florida (FLA), Florida (FLA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Greenland (GNL), Greenland (GNL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Guatemala (GUA), Guatemala (GUA-OO); 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), Hawaiian Is. (HAW-HI); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Honduras (HON), Honduras (HON-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Idaho (IDA), Idaho (IDA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Illinois (ILL), Illinois (ILL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Indiana (INI), Indiana (INI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Iowa (IOW), Iowa (IOW-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Irkutsk (IRK), Irkutsk (IRK-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Kansas (KAN), Kansas (KAN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Kazakhstan (KAZ), Kazakhstan (KAZ-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Kazakhstan (KAZ), Kazakhstan (KAZ-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Kirgizistan (KGZ), Kirgizistan (KGZ-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Khabarovsk (KHA), Khabarovsk (KHA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Krasnoyarsk (KRA), Krasnoyarsk (KRA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Kentucky (KTY), Kentucky (KTY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Labrador (LAB), Labrador (LAB-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Laos (LAO), Laos (LAO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Louisiana (LOU), Louisiana (LOU-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Maine (MAI), Maine (MAI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, Manitoba (MAN), Manitoba (MAN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Masachusettes (MAS), Masachusettes (MAS-OO); 2 - Africa, 29 - Western Indian Ocean, Madagascar (MDG), Madagascar (MDG-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Michigan (MIC), Michigan (MIC-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Minnesota (MIN), Minnesota (MIN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Montana (MNT), Montana (MNT-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Maluku (MOL), Maluku (MOL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Maryland (MRY), Maryland (MRY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Mississippi (MSI), Mississippi (MSI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Missouri (MSO), Missouri (MSO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, New Brunswick (NBR), New Brunswick (NBR-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., North Carolina (NCA), North Carolina (NCA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., North Dakota (NDA), North Dakota (NDA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Nebraska (NEB), Nebraska (NEB-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., Nevada (NEV), Nevada (NEV-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Newfoundland (NFL), Newfoundland (NFL-NE); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Newfoundland (NFL), St.Pierre-Miquelon (NFL-SP); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Nova Scotia (NSC), Nova Scotia (NSC-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Northern Territory (NTA), Northern Territory (NTA-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Northern Territory (NTA), Northern Territory (NTA-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Niue (NUE), Niue (NUE-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Nunavut (NUN), Nunavut (NUN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New Hampshire (NWH), New Hampshire (NWH-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New Jersey (NWJ), New Jersey (NWJ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 77 - South-Central U.S.A., New Mexico (NWM), New Mexico (NWM-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Northwest Territories (NWT), Northwest Territories (NWT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New York (NWY), New York (NWY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Ohio (OHI), Ohio (OHI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Oklahoma (OKL), Oklahoma (OKL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Ontario (ONT), Ontario (ONT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Oregon (ORE), Oregon (ORE-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Panamá (PAN), Panamá (PAN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Paraguay (PAR), Paraguay (PAR-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Prince Edward I. (PEI), Prince Edward I. (PEI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Pennsylvania (PEN), Pennsylvania (PEN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Peru (PER), Peru (PER-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Philippines (PHI), Philippines (PHI-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Pitcairn Is. (PIT), Pitcairn Is. (PIT-OO); 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Puerto Rico (PUE), Puerto Rico (PUE-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Queensland (QLD), Queensland (QLD-QU); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Québec (QUE), Québec (QUE-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Rhode I. (RHO), Rhode I. (RHO-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Sakhalin (SAK), Sakhalin (SAK-OO); 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, Saskatchewan (SAS), Saskatchewan (SAS-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., South Carolina (SCA), South Carolina (SCA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., South Dakota (SDA), South Dakota (SDA-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, South Australia (SOA), South Australia (SOA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Taiwan (TAI), Taiwan (TAI-OO); 2 - Africa, 25 - East Tropical Africa, Tanzania (TAN), Tanzania (TAN-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), Tasmania (TAS-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Tennessee (TEN), Tennessee (TEN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 77 - South-Central U.S.A., Texas (TEX), Texas (TEX-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Thailand (THA), Thailand (THA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Turkmenistan (TKM), Turkmenistan (TKM-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Tadzhikistan (TZK), Tadzhikistan (TZK-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Sout; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
5ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
6Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
7Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
8Ecology of Commanster
9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
10Anthophora abrupta Say (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae), Jason R. Graham, Jamie Ellis, Glenn Hall, Catherine Zettel Nalen, University of Florida, December 2011
11Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
12Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
13The diet of the Citril Finch (Serinus citrinella) in the Pyrenees and the role of Pinus seeds as a key resource, A. Borras, T. Cabrera, J. Cabrera and J.C. Senar, J. Ornithol. 144, 345-353 (2003)
14Diet and habitat of the huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in Bernardo O’ Higgins National Park, Chile, Jasper van Winden, MSc-thesis, April 2006, Utrecht University
15Lepus townsendii, Burton K. Lim, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 288, pp. 1-6 (1987)
16Predicting seasonal diet in the yellow-bellied marmot: success and failure for the linear programming model, G.P. Edwards, Oecologia (1997) 112:320-330
17Tamias minimus, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 653, pp. 1–10 (2001)
18Tamias ruficaudus, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 452, pp. 1-7 (1993)
19Thomomys talpoides, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 618, pp. 1-11 (1999)
20Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991)
21Clements, R. E., and F. L. Long. 1923, Experimental pollination. An outline of the ecology of flowers and insects. Washington, D.C., USA, Carnegie Institute of Washington.
22Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Carlsbad Caverns National Park