Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Ageratum > Ageratum conyzoides
 

Ageratum conyzoides (Billygoat-weed)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

Ageratum conyzoides (billygoat-weed, chick weed, goatweed, whiteweed) is native to Tropical America, especially Brazil, and considered an invasive weed in many other regions. Herb 0.5–1 m. high, with ovate leaves 2–6 cm long, and flowers are white to mauve. In Vietnamese, the plant is called cứt lợn (meaning "pig feces") due to its growth in dirty areas.
View Wikipedia Record: Ageratum conyzoides

Invasive Species

Ageratum conyzoides is a weed distributed in many tropical and subtropical countries and is often difficult to control. It is an established weed in the Himalayas where several invasion research studies have been conducted in the Shiwalik Ranges. It has been found that Ageratum significantly reduces total biomass and species number, that is, biodiversity. It also changes vegetation community structure and modifies the soil regieme.
View ISSG Record: Ageratum conyzoides

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue
Flower Color [2]  Violet
Flower Type [4]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Annual
Pollinators [4]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Scent [4]  The fresh plant is malodorous.
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [4]  The leaves and the flowers yield 0.2% essential oil with a powerful nauseating odour; The oil contains 5% eugenol, which has a pleasant odour; The oil from plants growing in Africa has an agreeable odour, consisting almost entirely of eugenol;
Height [4]  39 inches (1 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Ageratum conyzoides

Protected Areas

Predators

Providers

Pollinated by 
Toxomerus crockeri[8]

Distribution

2 - Africa, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 8 - Southern America, ; 2 - Africa, 27 - Southern Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Bangladesh (BAN), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Benin (BEN), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Belize (BLZ), ; 2 - Africa, 23 - West-Central Tropical Africa, Burundi (BUR), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil West-Central (BZC), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Southeast (BZL), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), ; 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Colombia (CLM), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Costa Rica (COS), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Cape Verde (CVI), ; 2 - Africa, 24 - Northeast Tropical Africa, Ethiopia (ETH), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Guinea-Bissau (GNB), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Guatemala (GUA), ; 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Honduras (HON), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Ivory Coast (IVO), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Kazan-retto (KZN), ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Leeward Is. (LEE), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Malaya (MLY), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Nigeria (NGA), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Nicaragua (NIC), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Ogasawara-shoto (OGA), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Panamá (PAN), ; 2 - Africa, 23 - West-Central Tropical Africa, Rwanda (RWA), ; 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Samoa (SAM), ; 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Society Is. (SCI), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Thailand (THA), ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago (TRT), ; 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Venezuela (VEN), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Vietnam (VIE), ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Windward Is. (WIN), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Chaco (AGE-CH); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Corrientes (AGE-CN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Entre Ríos (AGE-ER); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Misiones (AGE-MI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Jujuy (AGW-JU); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Salta (AGW-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Tucuman (AGW-TU); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Alabama (ALA), Alabama (ALA-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Assam (ASS-AS); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Manipur (ASS-MA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Meghalaya (ASS-ME); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Mizoram (ASS-MI); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Nagaland (ASS-NA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Tripura (ASS-TR); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Belize (BLZ), Belize (BLZ-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Bolivia (BOL), Bolivia (BOL-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Sergipe (BZE-SE); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Paraná (BZS-PR); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Rio Grande do Sul (BZS-RS); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Santa Catarina (BZS-SC); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Cambodia (CBD), Cambodia (CBD-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Guizhou (CHC-GZ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Sichuan (CHC-SC); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Yunnan (CHC-YN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Fujian (CHS-FJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangdong (CHS-GD); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangxi (CHS-GX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Jiangxi (CHS-JX); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Connecticut (CNT), Connecticut (CNT-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Cook Is. (COO), Cook Is. (COO-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Easter Is. (EAS), Easter Is. (EAS-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Ecuador (ECU), Ecuador (ECU-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Egypt (EGY), Egypt (EGY-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, East Himalaya (EHM), Arunachal Pradesh (EHM-AP); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, El Salvador (ELS), El Salvador (ELS-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Fiji (FIJ), Fiji (FIJ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Florida (FLA), Florida (FLA-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Channel Is. (FRA-CI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Monaco (FRA-MO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, French Guiana (FRG), French Guiana (FRG-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Guatemala (GUA), Guatemala (GUA-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Guyana (GUY), Guyana (GUY-OO); 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), Hawaiian Is. (HAW-HI); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Honduras (HON), Honduras (HON-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Andhra Pradesh (IND-AP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Bihar (IND-BI); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Delhi (IND-DE); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Goa (IND-GO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Gujarat (IND-GU); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Haryana (IND-HA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Kerala (IND-KE); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Karnataka (IND-KT); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Madhya Pradesh (IND-MP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Maharashtra (IND-MR); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Orissa (IND-OR); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Punjab (IND-PU); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Rajasthan (IND-RA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Tamil Nadu (IND-TN); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Uttar Pradesh (IND-UP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), West Bengal (IND-WB); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Italy (ITA-IT); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), San Marino (ITA-SM); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Vatican City (ITA-VC); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Kentucky (KTY), Kentucky (KTY-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Laos (LAO), Laos (LAO-OO); 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Leeward Is. (LEE), Virgin Is. (LEE-VI); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Louisiana (LOU), Louisiana (LOU-OO); 2 - Africa, 29 - Western Indian Ocean, Madagascar (MDG), Madagascar (MDG-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), Madeira (MDR-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Maluku (MOL), Maluku (MOL-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Marquesas (MRQ), Marquesas (MRQ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Maryland (MRY), Maryland (MRY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Mississippi (MSI), Mississippi (MSI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Missouri (MSO), Missouri (MSO-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Myanmar (MYA), Myanmar (MYA-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Myanmar (MYA), Myanmar (MYA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., North Carolina (NCA), North Carolina (NCA-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Northern Territory (NTA), Northern Territory (NTA-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Niue (NUE), Niue (NUE-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Israel (PAL-IS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Jordan (PAL-JO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Panamá (PAN), Panamá (PAN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Paraguay (PAR), Paraguay (PAR-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Peru (PER), Peru (PER-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Philippines (PHI), Philippines (PHI-OO); 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Puerto Rico (PUE), Puerto Rico (PUE-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 35 - Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia (SAU), Saudi Arabia (SAU-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Suriname (SUR), Surinam (SUR-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Taiwan (TAI), Taiwan (TAI-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Tonga (TON), Tonga (TON-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Uruguay (URU), Uruguay (URU-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Venezuela (VEN), Venezuela (VEN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Venezuela (VEN), Venezuela (VEN-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Western Australia (WAU), Western Australia (WAU-WA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, West Himalaya (WHM), Himachal Pradesh (WHM-HP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, West Himalaya (WHM), Jammu-Kashmir (WHM-JK); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Bosnia-Herzegovina (YUG-BH);;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Species of Frankliniella Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from the Asian-Pacific Area, Chin-Ling Wang, Feng-Chyi Lin, Yi-Chung Chiu, and Hsien-Tzung Shih, Zoological Studies 49(6): 824-838 (2010)
7Food Habits of the Chinese Stripe-necked Turtle, Ocadia sinensis, in the Keeling River, Northern Taiwan, Tien-Hsi Chen and Kuang-Yang Lue, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 463-471, 1999
8Flower-visiting insects of the Galapagos Islands, McCullen, C. K. 1993. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69:95-106
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License