Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Raphanus > Raphanus sativus

Raphanus sativus (Wild Radish)


Wikipedia Abstract

The radish (Raphanus sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times. Radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world, being mostly eaten raw as a crunchy salad vegetable. They have numerous varieties, varying in size, flavor, color, and length of time they take to mature. Radishes owe their sharp flavor to the various chemical compounds produced by the plants, including glucosinolate, myrosinase, and isothiocyanate. They are sometimes grown as companion plants and suffer from few pests and diseases. They germinate quickly and grow rapidly, smaller varieties being ready for consumption within a month, while larger daikon varieties take several months. Another use of radish is as cover or catch crop in winter or as a fo
View Wikipedia Record: Raphanus sativus



Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [1]  The Japanese radishes have higher concentrations of glucosinolate, a substance that acts against the thyroid gland. It is probably best to remove the skin;
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Pollinators [1]  Bees, Flies
Structure [2]  Herb
Usage [1]  The growing plant repels beetles from tomatoes and cucumbers; It is also useful for repelling various other insect pests such as carrot root fly; There is a fodder variety that grows more vigorously and is used as a green manure;
Height [1]  18 inches (0.45 m)
Width [1]  8 inches (0.2 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Raphanus sativus

Protected Areas




Parasitized by 
Erysiphe cruciferarum[3]
Hyaloperonospora parasitica[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License