Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Alliaria > Alliaria petiolata

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard)


Wikipedia Abstract

Alliaria petiolata is a biennial flowering plant in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae. It is native to Europe, western and central Asia, and northwestern Africa, from Morocco, Iberia and the British Isles, north to northern Scandinavia, and east to northern Pakistan and western China (Xinjiang).
View Wikipedia Record: Alliaria petiolata

Invasive Species

It is believed that European settlers brought Alliaria petiolata to North America for cooking purposes. Alliaria petiolata may outcompete native herbaceous species and negatively impact ecosystems of invaded areas. Alliaria petiolata acts as a population sink for certain butterflies. Its seeds are transported by humans, on animals, and in water. Other long-distance vectors have not been identified.
View ISSG Record: Alliaria petiolata


Bee Flower Color [1]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [1]  White
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [2]  Biennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Bats
Scent [2]  On a calm day the plant emits a strong smell of garlic. This is especially pronounced if the leaves are bruised.
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  A yellow dye is obtained from the whole plant;
Height [2]  39 inches (1 m)
Width [2]  16 inches (0.4 m)
Light Preference [3]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
View Plants For A Future Record : Alliaria petiolata

Protected Areas





Parasitized by 
Erysiphe cruciferarum[7]
Hyaloperonospora niessliana[7]
Hyaloperonospora parasitica[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Ecology of Commanster
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Images provided by Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License