Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae

Poaceae

Wikipedia Abstract

The Poaceae (English pronunciation: /poʊˈeɪ.siˌiː/) or Gramineae are the large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses. The Poaceae include the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and cultivated lawns (turf) and pasture. Grasses have stems that are hollow except at the nodes and narrow alternate leaves borne in two ranks. The lower part of each leaf encloses the stem, forming a leaf-sheath. With ca 780 genera and around 12,000 species, Poaceae are the fifth-largest plant family, following the Asteraceae, Orchidaceae, Fabaceae and Rubiaceae.
View Wikipedia Record: Poaceae

Genus

Achnatherum (needlegrass) (11)
Aciachne (3)
Acidosasa (11)
Acostia (1)   (1)
Acrachne (goosegrass) (3)
Acritochaete (1)
Acroceras (acroceras) (24)
Actinocladum (1)
Aegilops (goatgrass) (24)   (1)   (1)
Aegilotrichum (1)
Aegilotriticum (6)
Aeluropus (6)
Afrotrichloris (2)
Agenium (3)
Agnesia (1)
Agropogon (3)
Agropyron (crested-wheat grasses) (13)   (2)
Agropyropsis (1)
Agrostis (bentgrass) (219)   (2)   (2)
Agrostopoa (3)
Aira (hairgrass) (8)
Airopsis (1)
Alexfloydia (1)
Alloeochaete (6)
Allolepis (Texas salt) (1)
Alloteropsis (summergrass) (5)
Alopecurus (foxtail) (45)
Altoparadisium (2)
Alvimia (3)
Ammocalamagrostis (1)
Ammochloa (3)
Ammophila (beachgrass) (3)   (1)
Ampelocalamus (14)
Ampelodesmos (Mauritanian grass) (1)
Amphibromus (12)
Amphicarpum (maidencane) (2)
Amphipogon (9)
Anadelphia (14)
Ancistrachne (4)   (1)
Ancistragrostis (1)
Andropogon (bluestem) (112)   (3)
Andropterum (1)
Anemanthele (1)
Aniselytron (2)
Anisopogon (1)
Annamocalamus (1)
Anomochloa (1)
Anthaenantia (4)
Anthaenantiopsis (4)
Anthephora (oldfield grass) (11)
Anthosachne (9)
Anthoxanthum (hornwort) (53)
Antinoria (2)
Apera (silkybent) (5)
Apluda (Mauritian grass) (1)
Apochiton (1)
Apochloa (15)
Apoclada (1)
Apocopis (16)
Arberella (7)
Arctagrostis (polargrass) (2)
Arctodupontia (1)
Arctophila (pendantgrass) (1)
Arctopoa (5)
Aristida (threeawn) (297)
Arrhenatherum (oatgrass) (7)
Arthragrostis (4)
Arthraxon (carpgrass) (22)
Arthropogon (5)
Arthrostylidium (climbing bamboo) (31)
Arundinaria (cane) (3)
Arundinella (rabo de gato) (49)
Arundo (giant reed) (5)
Arundoclaytonia (1)
Asthenochloa (1)
Astrebla (4)
Athroostachys (1)
Atractantha (6)
Aulonemia (47)
Australopyrum (5)
Austrochloris (1)
Austroderia (5)
Austrostipa (64)
Avellinia (1)
Avena (25)   (1)
Avenella (1)
Avenula (1)
Axonopus (carpetgrass) (78)
Bambusa (bamboo) (154)
Baptorhachis (1)
Bashania (7)
Beckmannia (sloughgrass) (2)
Bellardiochloa (5)
Bergbambos (1)
Bewsia (1)
Bhidea (3)
Blepharidachne (desertgrass) (4)
Bonia (5)
Bothriochloa (beardgrass) (37)   (1)   (1)
Bouteloua (grama) (54)
Brachiaria (signalgrass) (113)   (1)
Brachychloa (2)
Brachyelytrum (shorthusk) (3)
Brachypodium (false brome) (21)
Briza (quakinggrass) (5)
Bromuniola (1)
Bromus (brome) (167)   (3)   (1)
Brylkinia (1)
Buergersiochloa (1)
Calamagrostis (Reedgrass) (285)   (3)
Calyptochloa (3)
Cambajuva (1)
Canastra (2)
Capeochloa (3)
Capillipedium (17)
Castellia (1)
Catabrosa (whorlgrass) (7)
Catabrosella (8)
Catalepis (1)
Catapodium (4)
Cathariostachys (2)
Cenchrus (sandbur) (110)   (2)   (5)
Centotheca (4)
Centropodia (4)
Cephalostachyum (13)
Chaetium (3)
Chaetobromus (1)
Chaetopoa (2)
Chamaeraphis (1)
Chandrasekharania (1)
Chascolytrum (23)
Chasechloa (2)
Chasmanthium (woodoats) (5)
Chasmopodium (2)
Chevalierella (1)
Chikusichloa (3)
Chimaerochloa (1)
Chimonobambusa (42)
Chimonocalamus (16)
Chionachne (9)
Chionochloa (25)
Chloris (windmill grass) (53)
Chlorocalymma (1)
Chrysochloa (4)   (1)
Chrysopogon (false beardgrass) (48)
Chusquea (chusquea bamboo) (175)   (2)
Cinna (woodreed) (4)
Cladoraphis (bristly lovegrass) (2)
Clausospicula (1)
Cleistachne (1)
Cleistochloa (3)
Cleistogenes (17)
Cochinchinochloa (1)
Coelachne (12)
Coelachyrum (5)
Coix (Job's tears) (3)
Colanthelia (7)
Coleanthus (mossgrass) (1)
Coleataenia (11)
Colpodium (9)
Cornucopiae (2)
Cortaderia (pampas grass) (19)   (2)
Corynephorus (clubawn grass) (5)
Cottea (cotta grass) (1)
Craspedorhachis (3)
Crinipes (2)
Crithopsis (1)
Cryptochloa (9)
Ctenium (toothache grass) (19)
Cutandia (Memphisgrass) (6)
Cyathopus (1)
Cymbopogon (lemon grass) (53)
Cynochloris (2)
Cynodon (Bermudagrass) (15)   (1)
Cynosurus (dogstail grass) (9)
Cyperochloa (1)
Cyphochlaena (2)
Cyphonanthus (1)
Cyrtochloa (7)
Cyrtococcum (14)
Dactylis (orchardgrass) (2)
Dactyloctenium (crowfoot grass) (13)
Daknopholis (1)
Danthonia (oatgrass) (27)
Danthoniastrum (4)
Danthonidium (1)
Danthoniopsis (16)   (1)
Dasypyrum (mosquitograss) (2)
Davidsea (1)
Decaryella (1)
Decaryochloa (1)
Dendrocalamus (68)
Deschampsia (hairgrass) (41)
Desmazeria (3)
Desmostachya (1)
Diandrolyra (3)
Diarrhena (beakgrain) (5)
Dichaetaria (1)
Dichanthium (bluestem) (19)
Dichelachne (plumegrass) (9)
Didymogonyx (2)
Diectomis (1)
Dielsiochloa (1)
Digitaria (crabgrass) (259)
Dignathia (5)
Diheteropogon (4)
Dilophotriche (3)
Dimeria (56)   (1)
Dinebra (viper grass) (7)
Dinochloa (38)   (1)
Diplachne (5)
Disakisperma (4)
Dissochondrus (false brittlegrass) (1)
Distichlis (saltgrass) (10)
Dregeochloa (2)
Drepanostachyum (10)
Dryopoa (Giant Mountain Grass) (1)
Dupoa (1)
Dupontia (tundragrass) (3)   (2)
Dupontiopsis (1)
Duthiea (3)
Eccoptocarpha (1)
Echinaria (1)
Echinochloa (cockspur grass) (35)
Echinolaena (5)
Echinopogon (7)
Ectrosia (14)
Ehrharta (veldtgrass) (35)
Ekmanochloa (2)
Eleusine (goosegrass) (10)
Elionurus (balsamscale grass) (15)
Ellisochloa (2)
Elyhordeum (18)
Elyleymus (6)
Elymandra (6)
Elymostachys (1)
Elymus (wildrye) (204)
Elytrophorus (2)
Elytrostachys (2)
Enneapogon (feather pappusgrass) (25)
Enteropogon (unbrellagrass) (14)
Entolasia (entolasia) (6)
Entoplocamia (1)
Eragrostiella (6)
Eragrostis (lovegrass) (413)   (5)
Eremitis (5)
Eremocaulon (4)
Eremochloa (centipede grass) (13)
Eremopoa (7)
Eremopyrum (false wheatgrass) (4)
Eriachne (48)
Eriochloa (cupgrass) (34)
Eriochrysis (moco de pavo) (11)
Eriocoma (2)
Erioneuron (woollygrass) (2)
Euclasta (mock bluestem) (3)
Eulalia (30)
Eulaliopsis (sabaigrass) (2)
Eustachys (fingergrass) (15)
Exotheca (1)
Fargesia (87)
Farrago (1)
Ferrocalamus (3)
Festuca (fescue) (633)   (4)
Festucopsis (2)
Festulolium (1)
Festulpia (2)
Filgueirasia (2)
Fimbribambusa (2)
Fingerhuthia (Zulu fescue) (2)
Froesiochloa (1)
Gaoligongshania (1)
Garnotia (lawngrass) (29)   (2)
Gastridium (nit grass) (2)
Gaudinia (fragile oat) (5)
Gelidocalamus (11)
Geochloa (3)
Germainia (9)
Gerritea (1)
Gigantocalamus (1)
Gigantochloa (gigantochloa) (63)
Gilgiochloa (1)
Glaziophyton (1)
Glyceria (mannagrass) (44)   (1)
Glyphochloa (11)
Gouinia (12)
Graphephorum (2)
Greslania (2)
Guadua (33)
Guaduella (6)
Gymnopogon (skeletongrass) (14)
Gynerium (wildcane) (1)
Habrochloa (1)
Hackelochloa (pitscale grass) (2)
Hainardia (barbgrass) (1)
Hainardiopholis (1)
Hakonechloa (Hakone grass) (1)
Halopyrum (1)
Harpachne (3)
Harpochloa (2)
Helictochloa (23)   (2)
Helictotrichon (alpine oatgrass) (41)
Hemarthria (jointgrass) (12)
Hemisorghum (2)
Henrardia (2)
Heterachne (3)
Heteranthelium (1)
Heteranthoecia (1)
Heteropholis (3)
Heteropogon (tanglehead) (5)   (1)
Hickelia (4)   (1)
Hilaria (curly-mesquite) (10)
Himalayacalamus (9)
Hitchcockella (1)
Holcolemma (3)
Holcus (velvetgrass) (13)   (1)
Holttumochloa (3)
Homolepis (5)
Homopholis (1)
Homozeugos (6)
Hookerochloa (2)
Hopia (1)
Hordelymus (1)
Hordeum (barley) (40)
Hubbardia (2)
Hubbardochloa (1)
Humbertochloa (2)   (1)
Hyalopoa (6)
Hydrothauma (1)
Hygrochloa (2)
Hygroryza (watergrass) (1)
Hylebates (2)
Hymenachne (marsh grass) (10)
Hyparrhenia (thatching grass) (56)
Hyperthelia (6)
Hypseochloa (2)
Ichnanthus (bedgrass) (34)
Imperata (satintail) (11)   (1)
Indocalamus (33)
Indopoa (1)
Indosasa (19)
Isachne (bloodgrass) (101)   (3)
Ischaemum (murainagrass) (85)   (3)   (1)
Iseilema (24)
Ixophorus (Central America grass) (1)
Jansenella (2)
Jouvea (2)
Kampochloa (1)
Kaokochloa (1)
Kengyilia (27)
Kerriochloa (1)
Kinabaluchloa (2)
Koeleria (Junegrass) (50)
Koordersiochloa (2)
Kuruna (7)
Lachnagrostis (37)
Lagurus (harestail grass) (1)
Lamarckia (goldentop grass) (1)
Lasiacis (smallcane) (15)
Lasiurus (1)
Lecomtella (1)
Leersia (cutgrass) (18)   (1)
Leptagrostis (1)
Leptaspis (3)
Leptocarydion (1)
Leptochloa (sprangletop) (28)
Leptothrium (3)
Lepturidium (1)
Lepturopetium (2)
Lepturus (thintail) (15)
Leydeum (2)
Leymostachys (1)
Leymus (wildrye) (63)
Limnas (3)
Limnodea (Ozark grass) (1)
Limnopoa (1)   (1)
Lindbergella (1)
Lithachne (diente de perro) (4)
Littledalea (4)
Loliolum (1)
Lolium (ryegrass) (13)
Lophacme (2)
Lophatherum (2)
Lophopogon (2)
Loudetia (25)
Loudetiopsis (11)
Louisiella (2)
Loxodera (5)
Luziola (watergrass) (11)
Lycochloa (1)   (1)
Lycurus (wolfstail) (3)
Lygeum (lygeum) (1)
Maclurochloa (3)
Maclurolyra (1)
Maltebrunia (4)
Manisuris (1)
Mayariochloa (1)
Megalachne (2)
Megaloprotachne (1)
Megastachya (2)
Melanocenchris (3)
Melica (melicgrass) (94)
Melinis (stinkgrass) (22)   (1)
Melocalamus (14)
Melocanna (3)
Merostachys (50)
Merxmuellera (7)
Mesosetum (26)
Metcalfia (1)
Mibora (sandgrass) (2)
Micrachne (5)
Micraira (15)
Microcalamus (1)
Microchloa (smallgrass) (6)
Micropyropsis (1)   (1)
Micropyrum (2)
Microstegium (browntop) (25)   (1)
Milium (milletgrass) (6)
Miscanthus (silvergrass) (17)   (1)
Mnesithea (7)
Mniochloa (1)
Molinia (moorgrass) (2)
Monachather (1)
Monelytrum (1)
Monocymbium (3)
Mosdenia (1)
Muhlenbergia (muhly) (169)   (1)
Mullerochloa (1)
Munroa (6)
Myriocladus (12)
Myriostachya (1)
Narduroides (1)
Nardus (matgrass) (1)
Nassella (needlegrass) (113)   (2)
Nastus (25)
Neesiochloa (1)
Nematopoa (1)
Neobouteloua (2)
Neohouzeaua (6)
Neololeba (5)
Neomicrocalamus (3)
Neostapfia (Colusagrass) (1)
Neostapfiella (3)   (1)
Nephelochloa (1)
Neurachne (8)
Neuropoa (1)
Neyraudia (neyraudia) (4)   (1)
Nianhochloa (1)
Notochloe (1)
Ochlandra (10)
Odyssea (2)
Oldeania (1)
Oligostachyum (17)
Olmeca (5)
Olyra (carrycillo) (25)
Ophiuros (4)
Oplismenopsis (1)
Oplismenus (basketgrass) (7)   (1)
Orcuttia (Orcutt grass) (5)
Oreobambos (1)
Oreochloa (4)
Oreopoa (1)
Orinus (2)
Oropetium (6)
Ortachne (3)
Orthoclada (2)
Orthoraphium (2)
Oryza (rice) (19)   (2)
Oryzidium (1)
Oryzopsis (ricegrass) (6)
Otachyrium (8)
Otatea (11)
Ottochloa (3)
Oxychloris (1)
Oxyrhachis (1)
Oxytenanthera (oxytenanthera) (1)
Panicum (panicgrass) (441)   (4)   (2)
Pappophorum (pappusgrass) (7)
Pappostipa (30)
Parabambusa (1)
Paractaenum (1)
Parafestuca (1)
Parahyparrhenia (6)
Paraneurachne (1)
Parapholis (sicklegrass) (6)
Paratheria (2)
Pariana (35)
Parianella (2)
Parodiolyra (6)
Parodiophyllochloa (6)
Paspalum (crowngrass) (331)   (2)   (2)
Pentameris (81)   (1)
Pentapogon (1)
Pereilema (4)
Periballia (3)
Perotis (16)
Perrierbambus (2)
Peyritschia (7)
Phacelurus (10)
Phaenanthoecium (1)
Phaenosperma (1)
Phalaris (canarygrass) (18)   (1)
Pharus (stalkgrass) (7)   (1)
Pheidochloa (2)
Phippsia (icegrass) (3)
Phleum (timothy) (18)
Pholiurus (1)
Phragmites (reed) (4)   (1)
Phuphanochloa (1)
Phyllorachis (1)
Phyllosasa (1)
Phyllostachys (bamboo) (61)   (1)
Pinga (1)
Piptatheropsis (5)
Piptatherum (32)
Piptochaetium (speargrass) (35)
Piptophyllum (1)
Piresia (5)
Piresiella (1)
Plagiantha (1)
Plagiosetum (1)
Pleioblastus (25)
Pleuropogon (semaphoregrass) (6)
Plinthanthesis (3)
Poa (meadow-grass) (567)   (3)   (1)
Podophorus (1)
Poecilostachys (15)
Pogonachne (1)
Pogonarthria (4)
Pogonatherum (4)
Pogonochloa (1)
Pogononeura (1)
Pohlidium (1)
Polevansia (1)
Polypogon (rabbitsfoot grass) (23)
Polytoca (2)
Polytrias (Java grass) (1)
Pommereulla (1)
Potamophila (1)
Prosphytochloa (1)
Psammagrostis (1)
Psammochloa (1)
Psathyrostachys (wildrye) (10)
Pseudanthistiria (3)
Pseudechinolaena (6)
Pseudobromus (6)
Pseudodanthonia (1)
Pseudodichanthium (1)
Pseudopentameris (4)
Pseudopogonatherum (6)
Pseudoraphis (7)
Pseudosasa (arrow bamboo) (20)
Pseudosorghum (2)
Pseudostachyum (1)
Pseudoxytenanthera (4)
Pseudozoysia (1)
Psilolemma (1)
Psilurus (1)
Ptilagrostis (16)
Puccinellia (Alkali grass) (116)   (2)
Pucciphippsia (2)
Puelia (5)
Racemobambos (19)
Raddia (9)
Raddiella (8)
Ratzeburgia (1)
Rehia (1)
Reitzia (1)
Relchela (1)
Reynaudia (1)
Rheochloa (1)
Rhipidocladum (19)
Rhizocephalus (1)
Rhynchoryza (1)
Rhytachne (12)
Richardsiella (1)
Rostraria (hairgrass) (12)
Rottboellia (itchgrass) (24)   (1)
Rupichloa (2)
Rytidosperma (wallaby grass) (73)
Saccharum (sugarcane) (36)
Sacciolepis (cupscale grass) (26)   (1)   (1)
Sarocalamus (3)
Sartidia (6)
Sasa (broadleaf bamboo) (45)
Sasaella (11)
Sasamorpha (5)
Saxipoa (1)
Schismus (Mediterranean grass) (5)   (2)
Schizachne (false melic) (1)
Schizachyrium (little bluestem) (66)   (1)
Schizostachyum (Polynesian 'ohe) (64)
Schmidtia (2)
Schoenefeldia (2)
Sclerochloa (hardgrass) (2)
Sclerodactylon (1)
Scleropogon (burrograss) (1)
Scolochloa (rivergrass) (1)
Scribneria (Scribner's grass) (1)
Scrotochloa (2)
Scutachne (1)
Secale (9)
Sehima (5)
Semiarundinaria (8)
Sesleria (31)
Sesleriella (2)
Setaria (bristlegrass) (137)   (1)
Setariopsis (2)
Shibataea (7)
Silentvalleya (2)
Simplicia (3)
Sinobambusa (13)
Sinochasea (1)
Sirochloa (1)
Snowdenia (4)
Soejatmia (1)
Sohnsia (1)
Sokinochloa (7)
Sorghastrum (Indiangrass) (20)
Sorghum (sorghum) (31)   (1)
Spartochloa (1)
Spathia (1)
Sphaerobambos (3)
Sphaerocaryum (1)
Spheneria (1)
Sphenopholis (wedgescale) (7)
Sphenopus (2)
Spinifex (5)
Spodiopogon (15)
Sporobolus (dropseed) (223)   (3)   (4)
Stapfochloa (6)
Stapletonia (2)
Steinchisma (gaping grass) (7)
Steirachne (2)
Stenostachys (4)
Stenotaphrum (St. Augustine grass) (7)
Stephanachne (2)
Stereochlaena (4)
Steyermarkochloa (1)
Stipa (211)   (1)
Stipagrostis (56)
Stipellula (6)
Streptochaeta (3)
Streptogyna (2)
Streptolophus (1)
Streptostachys (6)
Styppeiochloa (3)
Sucrea (3)
Suddia (1)
Swallenia (Eureka dunegrass) (1)
Sylvipoa (1)
Taeniatherum (medusahead) (1)
Taeniorhachis (1)
Tarigidia (2)
Tatianyx (1)
Temburongia (1)
Temochloa (1)
Tenaxia (8)
Tetrachaete (1)
Tetrachne (1)
Tetrapogon (10)
Thamnocalamus (5)
Thaumastochloa (8)
Thedachloa (1)
Thelepogon (2)
Themeda (kangaroo grass) (29)
Thinopyrum (11)
Thrasya (22)
Thuarea (Kuroiwa grass) (2)
Thyridachne (1)
Thyridolepis (3)
Thyrsostachys (2)
Thysanolaena (1)
Torreyochloa (false mannagrass) (3)
Trachypogon (crinkleawn grass) (4)
Trachys (3)
Tragus (bur grass) (8)
Tribolium (16)
Trichloris (2)
Tricholaena (4)
Tricholemma (2)
Trichoneura (Silveus' grass) (8)
Trichopteryx (5)
Tridens (tridens) (15)
Tridentopsis (2)
Trigonochloa (2)
Trilobachne (1)
Triniochloa (6)
Triodia (73)
Triplachne (1)
Triplasis (sandgrass) (2)
Triplopogon (1)
Tripogon (fiveminute grass) (51)
Tripsacum (gamagrass) (14)
Triraphis (8)
Triscenia (1)
Trisetaria (15)
Trisetokoeleria (3)
Trisetopsis (22)
Trisetum (oatgrass) (84)
Tristachya (22)
Triticosecale (1)
Triticum (wheat) (13)
Tritihaynaldia (2)
Tuctoria (spiralgrass) (3)
Uniola (seaoats) (5)   (1)
Uranthoecium (1)
Urelytrum (8)
Urochloa (signalgrass) (14)
Urochondra (1)
Valiha (2)
Vaseyochloa (Texasgrass) (1)
Veldkampia (1)
Ventenata (North Africa grass) (8)
Vietnamocalamus (1)
Vietnamochloa (1)
Vietnamosasa (3)
Viguierella (1)
Vossia (hippo grass) (1)
Vulpia (fescue) (26)   (1)
Vulpiella (1)
Walwhalleya (4)
Wangenheimia (1)
Whiteochloa (6)
Willkommia (willkommia) (4)
Xerochloa (3)
Yakirra (7)
Yersinochloa (1)
Yushania (87)
Yvesia (1)
Zea (6)
Zenkeria (5)
Zeugites (11)
Zingeria (5)
Zizania (wildrice) (4)   (1)
Zizaniopsis (cutgrass) (5)
Zonotriche (3)
Zotovia (3)
Zoysia (lawngrass) (10)
Zygochloa (1)

(...) = Species count
(...) = Endangered count
(...) = Invasive count

External References

Photos

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