Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Violaceae > Viola > Viola kusanoana

Viola kusanoana

Synonyms: Viola dageletiana; Viola insularis; Viola kusanoana var. glabra; Viola silvestriformis



Pollinated by 
Bombylius major (Bee fly)[1]
Ceratina japonica[1]
Ceratina megastigmata[1]
Lasioglossum problematicum[1]
Nomada pacifica[1]

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Kato, M., T. Makutani, T. Inoue, and T. Itino. 1990. Insect-flower relationship in the primary beech forest of Ashu, Kyoto: an overview of the flowering phenology and seasonal pattern of insect visits. Contr. Biol. Lab. Kyoto Univ. 27:309-375.