Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Larix > Larix laricina

Larix laricina (tamarack; American larch; Eastern larch)

Language: Chi; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Larix laricina, commonly known as the tamarack, hackmatack, eastern larch, black larch, red larch, or American larch, is a species of larch native to Canada, from eastern Yukon and Inuvik, Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland, and also south into the upper northeastern United States from Minnesota to Cranesville Swamp, Maryland; there is also an isolated population in central Alaska. The word tamarack is the Algonquian name for the species and means "wood used for snowshoes."
View Wikipedia Record: Larix laricina


Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  73 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Sawdust from the wood has been known to cause dermatitis in some people;
Janka Hardness [4]  590 lbf (268 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  292614 / lb (645105 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.53
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  Resin is extracted by tapping the trunk. It is obtained from near the centre of the trunk; The resin has a wide range of uses including wood preservatives, medicinal etc. The hole is made in the spring and the resin extracted in the autumn; The roots have been used as a sewing material in canoes and to make durable bags; The bark contains tannin; Wood - very strong, heavy, hard, durable even in water. It weighs 39lb per cubic foot and is used for telegraph poles, fence posts etc; The roots are often curved by as much as 90
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Flower Color [2]  Red
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  59 feet (18 m)
Width [1]  32 feet (9.9 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Larix laricina

Protected Areas


Emblem of

Northwest Territories


Range Map


N North America: from Newfoundland and Massachusetts to Yukon and British Columbia, disjunct in interior Alaska. TDWG: 70 ASK NWT 71 ABT BRC MAN SAS 72 LAB NBR NFL-NE 74 ILL MIN WIS 75 CNT INI MAI MAS NWY OHI PEN VER; N. North America: from Newfoundland and Massachusetts to Yukon and British Columbia, disjunct in interior Alaska TDWG: 70 ASK NWT 71 ABT BRC MAN SAS 72 LAB NBR NFL-NE 74 ILL MIN WIS 75 CNT INI MAI MAS NWY OHI PEN VER;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License