Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Araucariaceae > Araucaria > Araucaria heterophylla
 

Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island pine; Star pine)

Synonyms: Abies columbaria; Eutassa heterophylla
Language: Chi; Ger; Ita; Por; Rus; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Araucaria heterophylla (synonym A. excelsa) is a member of the ancient and now disjointly distributed family Araucariaceae. As its vernacular name Norfolk Island pine implies, the tree is endemic to Norfolk Island, a small island in the Pacific Ocean between New Zealand and New Caledonia, about 1440km east of Sydney, Australia. The genus Araucaria occurs across the South Pacific, especially concentrated in New Caledonia (about 700 km due north of Norfolk Island) where 13 closely related and similar-appearing species are found. It is sometimes called a star pine, triangle tree or living Christmas tree, due to its symmetrical shape as a sapling, although it is not a true pine.
View Wikipedia Record: Araucaria heterophylla

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  High
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [2]  Slight Toxicity
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  1728 / lb (3810 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Conical
Structure [3]  Tree
Height [1]  175 feet (53.3 m)
Width [1]  42 feet (12.8 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  

Predators

Distribution

Australia: Norfolk Island, where now largely restricted to the Norfolk Island National Park (formerly Mt. Pitt Reserve). The island's area is only 34 km² and its two highest peaks are Mt. Bates (318 m) and Mt. Pitt (316 m). A. heterophylla also occurs on Philip Island, a 4 km² small island 6 km S of Norfolk Island. TDWG: 50 NFK-NI; Australia: Norfolk Island, where now largely restricted to the Norfolk Island National Park (formerly Mt. Pitt Reserve). The island's area is only 34 km² and its two highest peaks are Mt. Bates (318 m) and Mt. Pitt (316 m). The species also occurs on Philip Island, a 4 km² small island 6 km S of Norfolk Island.. TDWG: 50 NFK-NI;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5Species Profile and Threats Database, Australian Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
6Folivory in Fruit-Eating Bats, with New Evidence from Artibeus jamaicensis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), Thomas H. Kunz and Carlos A. Diaz, Biotropica, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Mar., 1995), pp. 106-120
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License