Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus balfouriana

Pinus balfouriana (Foxtail pine; Balfour's pine)

Synonyms: Pinus balfouriana subsp. austrina; Pinus balfouriana var. austrina
Language: Fre; Ger; Hun; Ita

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus balfouriana (foxtail pine) is a rare high-elevation pine that is endemic to California, United States. It is closely related to the Great Basin and Rocky Mountain bristlecone pines, in the subsection Balfourianae. The two disjunct populations are found in the southern Klamath Mountains (subspecies balfouriana) and the southern Sierra Nevada (subspecies austrina). A small outlying population was reported in southern Oregon, but was proven to have been misidentified.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus balfouriana


Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.47
Structure [2]  Tree
Height [1]  44 feet (13.3 m)
Width [1]  31 feet (9.3 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low

Range Map


U.S.A., California TDWG: 76 CAL; USA: mainly California, in two disjunct populations in northern (Klamath Mts.) and in southern (Sierra Nevada) California. One locality (metapopulation) of the northern population is just across the state border in Oregon (Lanner, 2007).. TDWG: 73 ORE 76 CAL;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License