Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus thunbergii
 

Pinus thunbergii (Japanese black pine; Thunberg pine)

Synonyms: Pinus massoniana; Pinus thunbergiana
Language: Chi; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Japanese; Jpn (Kanji); Jpn (Katakana); Kor (Hangul); Korean; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus thunbergii (Syn: Pinus thunbergiana; English: Japanese black pine, Japanese pine, black pine; Korean: 곰솔 ; Chinese: 黑松 ; Japanese: Kuromatsu; Kanji: 黒松) is a pine native to coastal areas of Japan: Kyūshū, Shikoku and Honshū, but not Hokkaidō ( Hokkaidō has a particular type of pine called Aikuromatsu) and South Korea.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus thunbergii

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.45
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Tolerant of salt spray, this species makes a good shelterbelt for exposed maritime positions; Trees were 9 metres tall after 30 years in a very exposed position at Rosewarne in N. Cornwall; Planted to stabilize sand dunes by the coast; A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc.
Height [2]  49 feet (15 m)
Width [2]  23 feet (7 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus thunbergii

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States

Predators

Distribution

Japan: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; South Korea (near the coast) TDWG: 38 JAP-HN JAP-KY JAP-SH KOR-SK; Japan: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; South Korea (near the coast). TDWG: 38 JAP-HN JAP-KY JAP-SH KOR-SK;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Callosciurus erythraeus (Rodentia: Sciuridae), PETER W. W. LURZ, VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, KIMBERLY GEISSLER, AND SANDRO BERTOLINO, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 45(902):60–74 (2013)
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Black Turpentine Beetle, Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), Albert E. Mayfield III, Jiri Hulcr, and John L. Foltz, University of Florida
10SEASONAL CHANGES IN THE DIET OF JAPANESE GIANT FLYING SQUIRRELS IN RELATION TO REPRODUCTION, Takeo Kawamichi, Journal of Mammalogy, 78(1):204-212, 1997
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License