Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus thunbergii

Pinus thunbergii (Japanese black pine; Thunberg pine)

Synonyms: Pinus massoniana; Pinus thunbergiana
Language: Chi; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Japanese; Jpn (Kanji); Jpn (Katakana); Kor (Hangul); Korean; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus thunbergii (Syn: Pinus thunbergiana; English: Japanese black pine, Japanese pine, black pine; Korean: 곰솔 ; Chinese: 黑松 ; Japanese: Kuromatsu; Kanji: 黒松) is a pine native to coastal areas of Japan: Kyūshū, Shikoku and Honshū, but not Hokkaidō ( Hokkaidō has a particular type of pine called Aikuromatsu) and South Korea.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus thunbergii


Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.45
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Tolerant of salt spray, this species makes a good shelterbelt for exposed maritime positions; Trees were 9 metres tall after 30 years in a very exposed position at Rosewarne in N. Cornwall; Planted to stabilize sand dunes by the coast; A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc.
Height [2]  49 feet (15 m)
Width [2]  23 feet (7 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus thunbergii

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States



Japan: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; South Korea (near the coast) TDWG: 38 JAP-HN JAP-KY JAP-SH KOR-SK; Japan: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; South Korea (near the coast). TDWG: 38 JAP-HN JAP-KY JAP-SH KOR-SK;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Callosciurus erythraeus (Rodentia: Sciuridae), PETER W. W. LURZ, VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, KIMBERLY GEISSLER, AND SANDRO BERTOLINO, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 45(902):60–74 (2013)
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Black Turpentine Beetle, Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), Albert E. Mayfield III, Jiri Hulcr, and John L. Foltz, University of Florida
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License