Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Magnoliales > Annonaceae > Annona > Annona squamosa
 

Annona squamosa (sugar apple)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

Annona squamosa is a small, well-branched tree or shrub from the family Annonaceae that bears edible fruits called sugar-apples. It tolerates a tropical lowland climate better than its relatives Annona reticulata and Annona cherimola (whose fruits often share the same name) helping make it the most widely cultivated of these species.
View Wikipedia Record: Annona squamosa

Invasive Species

Annona squamosa is native to tropical America and perhaps the Caribbean. Annona squamosa is the most cultivated species of the genus Annona and it grows wild in virtually all tropical areas. It is naturalized in Florida and in the south of the State of Bahia in Brazil, and it is invasive in other regions.
View ISSG Record: Annona squamosa

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  90 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Bloom Period [2]  Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Fall
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Summer, Fall
Hazards [2]  Slight Toxicity
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [4]  0.49
Structure [3]  Tree
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Green
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [1]  27 feet (8.2 m)
Width [1]  21 feet (6.3 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Barra Honda National Park II 5689 Costa Rica  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Criconema mutabile <Unverified Name>[13]
Dendrophthoe falcata[7]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[13]

Distribution

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
9Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001)
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11Temporal patterns of resource use by the short-nosed fruit bat, Cynopterus sphinx (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae), Elangovan, V | Marimuthu, G | Kunz, TH, Journal of Mammalogy [J. Mammal.]. Vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 161-165. 2001.
12Plants Consumed by Eulemur fulvus in Comoros Islands (Mayotte) and Potential Effects on Intestinal Parasites, A. Nègre, L. Tarnaud, J. F. Roblot, J. C. Gantier and J. Guillot, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 27, No. 6, December 2006
13Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
14Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
15del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License