Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rajiformes > Rajidae > Dipturus > Dipturus batis

Dipturus batis (Blue skate; Common European skate; Skate; Gray skate; Flapper skate; Common skate; Blue grey skate; Spiegelrochen)

Synonyms: Batis vulgaris; Propterygia hyposticta; Raia gaimardi; Raja batis
Language: Albanian; Catalan; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Icelandic; Italian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Manx; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common skate or blue skate (Dipturus batis) is the largest skate in the world attaining a length of more than 2.5 m (8.2 ft). Historically, it was one of the most abundant skates in the northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Despite its name, today it appears to be absent from much of this range. Where previously abundant, fisheries directly targeted this skate, elsewhere it is caught incidentally as by-catch. Previously assessed as Endangered globally and Critically Endangered in shelf and enclosed seas in the 2000 IUCN Red List, it has been uplisted to Critically Endangered globally in 2006.In 2009, research showed what was formerly listed as a single species, D. batis, should be instead classified as two separate species, D. flossada, and the flapper skate, D. intermedi
View Wikipedia Record: Dipturus batis

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Dipturus batis


Adult Weight [1]  117.738 lbs (53.405 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  11 years
Male Maturity [1]  11 years
Litter Size [1]  40
Maximum Longevity [1]  50 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Norway, Iceland, the Faroes to Senegal, including western Mediterranean and western part of the Baltic. Extirpated by trawling from much of its former range (Ref. 27438).; England and Wales (UK); Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Le Danois Bank; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Portugal; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503
4Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License