Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Oreochromis > Oreochromis mossambicus

Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique mouth-breeder; Tilapia; Redfin tilapia; Mozambique tilapia; Mozambique mouth-brooder; Mozambique mouthbrooder; Mozambique cichlid; Mouth-brooder; Mossambique tilapia; Mocambique tilapia; Largemouth tilapia; Largemouth kurper; Kurper bream; Java tilapia; Java fish; Japanese fish; Hawaiian sunfish; Hawaiian perch; Common tilapia; Blue tilapia; Blue bream; African perch; African mouthbrooder)

Language: Afrikaans; Bahasa Indonesia; Cantonese; Creole, French; Danish; Digo; Fijian; Finnish; French; German; Japanese; Javanese; Kannada; Khmer; Mahl; Malay; Malayalam; Mandarin Chinese; Nyanja; Portuguese; Russian; Sena; Sinhalese; Spanish; Sranan; Swedish; Tagalog; Tamil; Toba, Batak; Venda; Vietnamese

Wikipedia Abstract

The Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) is a tilapiine cichlid fish native to southern Africa. It is a popular fish for aquaculture. Dull colored, the Mozambique tilapia often lives up to a decade in its native habitats. Due to human introductions, it is now found in many tropical and subtropical habitats around the globe, where it can become an invasive species because of its robust nature. This makes it an optimal species for aquaculture because it readily adapts to new situations. It is known as black tilapia in Colombia and as blue kurper in South Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Oreochromis mossambicus

Invasive Species

Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) has spread worldwide through introductions for aquaculture. Established populations of Oreochromis mossambicus in the wild are as a result of intentional release or escapes from fish farms. Oreochromis mossambicus is omnivorous and feeds on almost anything, from algae to insects.
View ISSG Record: Oreochromis mossambicus


Adult Length [1]  15 inches (39 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  On/In self
Litter Size [1]  1,800
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Migration [3]  Amphidromous
Adult Weight [2]  1.371 lbs (622 g)
Diet [3]  Omnivore, Planktivore, Detritivore
Female Maturity [1]  5 months 21 days
Male Maturity [2]  9 months 23 days


Protected Areas

Prey / Diet



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Africa-Inland Waters; Africa: Lower Zambezi, Lower Shiré and coastal plains from Zambezi delta to Algoa Bay. Occurs southwards to the Brak River in the eastern Cape and in the Transvaal in the Limpopo system (Ref. 6465). Widely introduced for aquaculture, but escaped and es; Africa: Lower Zambezi, Lower Shiré and coastal plains from Zambezi delta to Algoa Bay. Occurs southwards to the Brak River in the eastern Cape and in the Transvaal in the Limpopo system (Ref. 6465). Widely introduced for aquaculture, but escaped and established itself in the wild in many countries, often outcompeting local species (Ref. 12217). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; American Samoa; Angola; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Athi-Galana-Sabaki River Drainage System; Australia; Australian; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Benin; Bensbach River; Bolivia; Botswana; Brazil; Cambodia; Caroline Island; Chiku River; China; Colombia; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Cuba; Côte d'Ivoire; Danube; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Timor; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Erhjen River; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Fiji Islands; France; French Polynesia; Godavari; Grenada; Guam; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Israel; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kaoping River; Kariba; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Republic of; Krishna River; Kuban River; Kunene River; Laguna de Bay; Lake Buluan; Lake Toba; Lao People's Dem. Rep.; Lesotho; Limpopo; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Martinique; Mayotte; Mekong; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; Nearctic; Neotropical; Nepal; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nile; Niue; North Marianas; Oceania - Inland waters; Okavango; Orange; Oriental; Pakistan; Palearctic; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Periyar; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Ruerhmen River; Russian Federation; Réunion; Saint Lucia; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Seychelles; Shihtsao River; Shiliao River; Shire; Singapore; Solomon Islands; South Africa; South China Sea; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Swaziland; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tana River; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tennessee; Thailand; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tsengwen River; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; US Minor Outlying Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Uganda; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna Is.; Yemen; Yili River; Zambezi; Zambia; Zimbabwe;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5The prey and predators of Homalopsine snakes, HAROLD K. VORIS and JOHN C. MURPHY, Journal of Natural History, 2002, 36, 1621–1632
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Diet of the fishing bat Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus) (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in a mangrove area of southern Brazil, Marcelo O. Bordignon, Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.1, pp. 256-260
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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