Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Anguilliformes > Anguillidae > Anguilla > Anguilla anguilla
 

Anguilla anguilla (River eel; Common eel; Eel; European eel; Freshwater eel; Yellow eel; Weed eel; Sing eel; Silver eel; Al)

Synonyms:
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Wikipedia Abstract

The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is a species of eel, a snake-like, catadromous fish. They can reach a length of 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) in exceptional cases, but are normally around 60–80 cm (2.0–2.6 ft), and rarely reach more than 1 m (3 ft 3 in).
View Wikipedia Record: Anguilla anguilla

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Anguilla anguilla

Attributes

Brood Dispersal [3]  In the open
Brood Guarder [3]  No
Maximum Longevity [4]  88 years
Migration [1]  Catadromous
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Coastal, Brackish Water
Adult Weight [2]  8.001 lbs (3.629 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [4]  12 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  11 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: Atlantic coast from Scandinavia to Morocco and rivers of North Atlantic, Baltic and Mediterranean seas (Ref. 172, Ref. 51442). Continuous introductions to Asia and South and Central America, but not reproducing. Spawning area in western Atlantic (Sargasso Sea). Also distributed along the coast of Europe from the Black Sea to the White Sea. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction. Recent genomic DNA studies show that the European eel exhibits isolation by distance, implying that non-random mating and restricted gene flow among eels from different location exists (Ref. 43723).;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6BARAK, N. A.-E. and MASON, C.F. (1992), Population density, growth and diet of eels, Anguilla anguilla L., in two rivers in eastern England. Aquaculture Research, 23: 59–70
7Costa, J. L., Assis, C. A., Almeida, P. R., Moreira, F. M. and Costa, M. J. (1992), On the food of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla (L.), in the upper zone of the Tagus estuary, Portugal. Journal of Fish Biology, 41: 841–850
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9The prey spectrum of Natrix natrix (LINNAEUS, 1758) and Natrix tessellata (LAURENTI, 1768) in sympatric populations (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae), ERNESTO FILIPPI & MASSIMO CAPULA & LUCA LUISELLI & UMBERTO AGRIMI, HERPETOZOA 8 (3/4): 155 -164 Wien, 30. Jänner 1996
10"Organochlorine residues in eggs of Pelecanus crispus and its prey in wetlands of Amvrakikos Gulf, North-western Greece", T.A. Albanis, D.G. Hela, D. Hatzilakos, Chemosphere Volume 31, Issues 11–12, December 1995, Pages 4341–4349
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License