Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Beloniformes > Belonidae > Belone > Belone belone
 

Belone belone (Garfish; Billfish; Gar; Garpike; Greenbone; Hornpike; Needlefish; Mackerel guide; Sea gar; Sea needle; Hornfish; Gar-fish)

Synonyms:
Language: Albanian; Arabic; Bulgarian; Catalan; Creole, Portuguese; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Icelandic; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The garfish (Belone belone), or sea needle, is a pelagic, oceanodromous needlefish found in brackish and marine waters of the Atlantic, the Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean Sea and the Baltic Sea.
View Wikipedia Record: Belone belone

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean Drainages Greece Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)1

Predators

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[2]
Cryptocotyle lingua[2]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Three subspecies were recognized by Collette and Parin (1970, Ref. 34977) <i>Belone belone belone</i> (Linnaeus, 1761) (Northeast Atlantic); <i>Belone belone euxini</i> Günther, 1866 (Black Sea and Sea of Azov); <i>Belone belone acus</i> Risso, 1827 (Mediterranean Sea and adjacent parts of Atlantic Ocean, Madeira, Canary Islands, Azores, and south to Cape Verde (Ref. 50279); subspecies <i>Belone belone gracilis</i> Lowe, 1839 (France to the Canary Islands including the Mediterranean) in Collette & Parin, 1990 (Ref. 5757).;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Sever, T. M., Bayhan, B., Bilge, G. and Taşkavak, E. (2009), "Diet composition of Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) (Pisces: Belonidae) in the Aegean Sea". Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 25: 702–706
4DIET AND FEEDING OF DOLPHIN (CORYPHAENA HIPPURUS) IN WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN WATERS, Enric Massutí, Salud Deudero, Pilar Sánchez and Beatriz Morales-Nin, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 63(2): 329–341, 1998
5Intraspecific dietary variation in the short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis in the Bay of Biscay: importance of fat fish, Laureline Meynier, Claire Pusineri, Jérôme Spitz, M. Begoña Santos, Graham J. Pierce, Vincent Ridoux, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Vol. 354: 277–287, 2008
6Diet comparison of four ray species (Raja clavata, Raja brachyura, Raja montagui and Leucoraja naevus) caught along the Portuguese continental shelf, Inês Farias, Ivone Figueiredo, Teresa Moura, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Ana Neves and Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 105–114 (2006)
7Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License