Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Glyptocephalus > Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
 

Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder; Witch; Whitch; Grey-sole; Grey sole; Gray sole; Craig fluke)

Synonyms: Glyptocephalus acadianus; Platessa elongata; Pleuronectes cynoglossus; Pleuronectes nigromanus; Pleuronectes saxicola
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Witch flounder or Torbay sole (Glyptocephalus cynoglossus) is a right-eyed flatfish found in the North Atlantic. The species lives on soft bottoms between 45 and 1460 m and prefers temperatures of 2–6 °C. It eats mostly crustaceans, worms and brittlestars. It spawns from May to September. It grows to maturity in 3 or 4 years, and may live up to 14 years. The name Torbay sole appears to be a mainly culinary term, following the habit of renaming certain fish to broaden their appeal. It is also called grey flounder, witch flounder as well as other local names.
View Wikipedia Record: Glyptocephalus cynoglossus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.031 lbs (1.375 kg)
Maximum Longevity [3]  25 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; China; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Eastern Atlantic: Northern Spain to northern Norway. Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence and Grand Banks in Canada to North Carolina in USA (Ref. 7251).; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Scotian Shelf; Spain; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
4Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
7Distribution and feeding ecology of Raja radiata in the northeastern North Sea and Skagerrak (Norwegian Deep), J. E. Skjæraasen, and O. A. Bergstad, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57: 1249–1260. 2000
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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