Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Tetraodontiformes > Ostraciidae > Acanthostracion > Acanthostracion quadricornis

Acanthostracion quadricornis (Trunkfish; Shellfish; Scrawled cowfish; Cowfish)

Synonyms: Acanthostracion tricornis; Lactophrys quadricornis; Lactophrys tricornis; Ostracion quadricornis; Ostracion tricornis
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Wikipedia Abstract

The scrawled cowfish, Acanthostracion quadricornis, belongs to the Ostraciidae family and is closely related to boxfish and trunkfish. They range in size from 8-15 inches, with a maximum length of 18 inches, and can be found at depths between 6 and 80 feet. It is common to occasional in Florida and Bahamas; occasional to uncommon in the Caribbean. It may occur in the Gulf of Mexico, north to Massachusetts, Bermuda and south to Brazil in tropical and temperate waters.
View Wikipedia Record: Acanthostracion quadricornis

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aluterus scriptus (unicornfish)1
Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)1
Haemulon parra (Sand grunt)1
Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish)1


Carcharhinus leucas (Zambezi shark)[1]
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[1]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[1]
Octopus briareus (Caribbean reef octopus)[4]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Newport Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden


Agulhas Current; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean: in tropical and temperate waters (Ref. 3696). Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Brazil. Reported from tip of South Africa.; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Benguela Current; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Celestún Biosphere Reserve; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Laguna de Términos; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Namibia; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Panama; Patagonian Shelf; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK);

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Sponge-feeding fishes of the West Indies, J. E. Randall and W. D. Hartman, Marine Biol. 1, 216-225 (1968)
4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License