Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Characiformes > Serrasalmidae > Colossoma > Colossoma macropomum

Colossoma macropomum (Tambaqui; Pacu; Cachama; Blackfin pacu)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) is a freshwater species of serrasalmid. It is also known by the names black pacu, black-finned pacu, giant pacu, cachama, gamitana, and sometimes as pacu (a name used for several other related species).
View Wikipedia Record: Colossoma macropomum


Adult Length [1]  3.542 feet (108 cm)
Migration [2]  Potamodromous
Diet [2]  Omnivore, Detritivore


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Mirogrex terraesanctae (Kinneret bleak)1


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Bolivia; Brazil; China; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Guyana; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Indonesia; Jamaica; Magdalena; Neotropical; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Orinoco; Panama; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; South America: Amazon and Orinoco basins as wild form; pisciculture form largely distributed in South America.; Taiwan; Thailand; Venezuela;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3LIFE HISTORY AND MANAGEMENT OF THE TAMBAQUI (COLOSSOMA MACROPOMUM, CHARACIDAE); AN IMPORTANT AMAZONIAN FOOD FISH, Michael Goulding & Mírian Leal Carvalho, Revta bras. Zool., S Paulo 1(2); 107-133 30 xii.1982
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License