Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Osmeriformes > Osmeridae > Hypomesus > Hypomesus pretiosus

Hypomesus pretiosus (Surf smelt; Silver smelt)

Synonyms: Argentina pretiosa; Hypomesus pretiosus pretiosus
Language: Danish; Dutch; French; German; Haida; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Hypomesus pretiosus, or surf smelt, is a marine smelt with a range from Prince William Sound, Alaska to Long Beach, California, although its population declines south of San Francisco. The surf smelt grows to be about 10 inches in southern waters, and 8 3⁄4 inches in northern waters near Canada. On average, surf smelt weigh about 10 to the pound.
View Wikipedia Record: Hypomesus pretiosus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[3]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[3]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[3]
Lumpenus sagitta (Eel-blenny)[3]
Thaleichthys pacificus (Candlefish)[3]




Alaska (USA); California Current; Canada; Eastern Pacific: Prince William Sound, Gulf of Alaska to Long Beach, southern California, USA. Reports from the western Pacific are misidentifications of <i>Hypomesus japonicus</i>.; Gulf of Alaska; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Russian Federation; USA (contiguous states);

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
5Diving depths, diet, and underwater foraging of Rhinoceros Auklets in British Columbia, Alan E. Burger, Rory P. Wilson, Don Garnier and Marie-Pierre T. Wilson, Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol. 71: 2528-2540 (1993)
6Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
7Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki clarki) Diet In South Puget Sound, Washington 1999 – 2002, Joseph M. Jauquet, Masters Thesis, Evergreen State College, 2002
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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