Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Osmeriformes > Osmeridae > Mallotus > Mallotus villosus
 

Mallotus villosus (Capelin; Caplin; White-fish; Tea fish; Roller; Lodde; Cock caplin; Capon; Ceaplin; Capling; Capline; Caplain; Capeling; Capelan; Breakfast fish; Capelan atlantique; Cappelin)

Synonyms:
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Wikipedia Abstract

(This article is about the fish. For the plant genus, see Mallotus (plant).) The capelin or caplin (Mallotus villosus) is a small forage fish of the smelt family found in the North Atlantic, North Pacific and Arctic oceans. In summer, it grazes on dense swarms of plankton at the edge of the ice shelf. Larger capelin also eat a great deal of krill and other crustaceans. Among others, whales, seals, Atlantic cod, Atlantic mackerel, squid and seabirds prey on capelin, in particular during the spawning season of the capelin while it migrates southwards. Capelin spawn on sand/gravel bottoms or on sandy beaches at the age of 2–6 years, and have an extremely high mortality rate on the beaches after spawning, for males close to 100% mortality.Males reach 20 cm (8 in) in length, while females are u
View Wikipedia Record: Mallotus villosus

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Beaufort Sea; Canada; China; Chukchi Sea; Circumpolar in the Arctic. North Atlantic: Barents Sea up to Bear Island, in the White and Norwegian seas, off the coast of Greenland up to 74°N and from Hudson Bay in Canada to Gulf of Maine, USA. North Pacific: south to Korea and Juan de Fuca Strait; Circumpolar in the Arctic. North Atlantic: Barents Sea up to Bear Island, in the White and Norwegian seas, off the coast of Greenland up to 74°N and from Hudson Bay in Canada to Gulf of Maine, USA. North Pacific: south to Korea and Juan de Fuca Strait, Canada.; Denmark; East Bering Sea; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; East Siberian Sea; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Greenland; Gulf of Alaska; Hudson Bay; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Japan; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Laptev Sea; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Penobscot Bay; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea; West Greenland Shelf;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Comparative analysis of the feeding ecology of two pelagic forage fishes: capelin Mallotus villosus and walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma, Matthew T. Wilson, Christina M. Jump, Janet T. Duffy-Anderson, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 317: 245–258, 2006
5An estimate of summer food consumption of six seabird species in Iceland, K. Lilliendahl and J. Solmundsson, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54: 624–630. 1997
6Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503
7Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006)
8The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002
9Groundfish Food Habits and Predation on Commercially Important Prey Species in the Eastern Bering Sea From 1997 Through 2001, Lang, G. M., P. A. Livingston, and K. A. Dodd, 2005, U.S. Dep. Comer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-158, 230 p.
10Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244
11Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
12Alaska Department of Fish and Game
13Marbled Murrelet Food Habits and Prey Ecology, Esther E. Burkett, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-152. 1995., Chap 22, p. 223-246
14Estimated Fish Consumption by Hooded Seals (Cystophora cristata), in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, M. O. Hammill, C. Lydersen, K. M. Kovacs and B. Sjare, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 22: 249–257 (1997)
15Winter Diet of Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) in the Northeast Atlantic, Knud Falk, Jens-Kjeld Jensen and Kaj Kampp, Colonial Waterbirds, Vol. 15, No. 2 (1992), pp. 230-235
16HABITAT USE, DIET AND BREEDING BIOLOGY OF TUFTED PUFFINS IN PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND, ALASKA, John F. Piatt, Daniel D. Roby, Laird Henkel and Kriss Neuman, Northwestern Naturalist 78:102-109 (1997)
17Breeding ecology of Horned Puffins (Fratercula corniculata) in Alaska: annual variation and effects of El Niño, A.M.A. Harding, J.F. Piatt, and K.C. Hamer, Can. J. Zool. 81: 1004–1013 (2003)
18Offshore diet of grey seals Halichoerus grypus near Sable Island, Canada, W. D. Bowen, G . D. Harrison, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 112: 1-11, 1994
19The Diet of White-Spotted Greenling Hexagrammos stelleri (Hexagrammidae) on the West Kamchatka Shelf, V. V. Napazakov, Journal of Ichthyology, 2010, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 100–104
20Condition and Feeding of American Plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides) in the North Atlantic with Emphasis on the Flemish Cap, Concepción González, Esther Román and Xabier Paz, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 37: 87–102 (2006)
21Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
22Fish prey spectrum of short-finned squid (Illex illecebrosus) at Newfoundland, Earl G. Dawe, Edgar L. Dalley, and Wayne W. Lidster, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54(Suppl. 1): 200–208 (1997).
23Occurrence, photo-identification and prey of Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhyncus obliquidens) in the Broughton Archipelago, Canada 1984-1998, Alexandra Morton, Marine Mammal Science Vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 80-93. Jan 2000
24del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
25The diet of haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.) in the Barents Sea during the period 1984–1991, Weimin Jiang and Terje Jørgensen, ICES J. mar. Sci., 53: 11–21. 1996
26Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
27Flight destinations and foraging behaviour of northern gannets (Sula bassana) preying on a small forage fish in a low-Arctic ecosystem, Stefan Garthea, William A. Montevecchi, Gail K. Davoren, Deep-Sea Research II 54 (2007) 311–320
28Diet of Harp Seals (Phoca groenlandica) in Divisions 2J and 3KL During 1991–93, J. W. Lawson, G. B. Stenson and D. G. McKinnon, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 21: 143–154 (1994)
29Summer Diet of the Harbour Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in the Estuary and the Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Pierre-Michel Fontaine, Mike O. Hammill, Cyrille Barrette, and Michael C. Kingsley, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51(1): 172–178 (1994)
30CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
31Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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