Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Oncorhynchus > Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon; Gorbuscha; Humpback salmon; Pink Salmon; Slimy; Salmon; Pink; Humpy; Humpie; Humpback)

Synonyms: Oncorhynchus scouleri; Salmo gorbuscha; Salmo scouleri
Language: Alutiiq; Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Haida; Heiltsuk; Icelandic; Inuktitut; Italian; Japanese; Korean; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Nuuchahnulth; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Salish; Spanish; Swedish; Tsimshian; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

Pink salmon or humpback salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family. It is the smallest and most abundant of the Pacific salmon. The scientific species name is based on the Russian common name for this species gorbúša (горбуша), which literally means humpie.
View Wikipedia Record: Oncorhynchus gorbuscha


Adult Length [1]  30 inches (76 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  Hidden
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  1,900
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years
Migration [3]  Anadromous
Adult Weight [2]  8.245 lbs (3.74 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Range Map


Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; Amur; Arctic Ocean; Arctic, Northwest to Eastern Central Pacific: Alaska and the Aleutian Islands (Ref. 1998), drainages from Northwest Territories in Canada to southern California in USA. Western Pacific: Russian Federation, the Bering and Okhotsk seas (Ref. 1998); eastern Korea and Hokkaido, Japan (Ref. 559). Import restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BArtSchV). Occasionally hybridizes with <i>Oncorhynchus keta</i> producing fertile offspring (Ref. 28983). Introduced in Iran (Ref. 39702).; Arctic, Northwest to Eastern Central Pacific: Alaska and the Aleutian Islands (Ref. 1998), drainages from Northwest Territories in Canada to southern California in USA; the Bering and Okhotsk seas (Ref. 1998). Western Pacific: Russian Federation (Ref. ; Artic and Pacific drainages from Mackenzie River delta, Northwest Territories, Canada to Sacramento River drainage, in California, USA; occasionally as far as La Jolla, southern California; also in northeast Asia (Ref. 5723). On Asia side, from North Korea to Jana and Lena drainages in Artic Russia. In Bering Sea north of about 40°N and from Bering Strait northeast to Point Barrow and northwest to Lena estuary (Ref. 59043). Introduced elsewhere. Occasionally hybridizes with <i>Oncorhynchus keta</i> producing fertile offspring (Ref. 28983).; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; Caspian Sea; China; Chukchi Sea; Doo-man; East Bering Sea; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; Fraser; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lakes; Greenland; Gulf of Alaska; Iceland; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Japan; Kolyma; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuril Islands; Kuroshio Current; Latvia; Nearctic; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Onega River; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Palearctic; Poland; Russian Federation; Sakhalin Island; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; Volga; West Bering Sea; West Greenland Shelf;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
6The Role of Slender Tuna, Allothunnus fallai, in the Pelagic Ecosystems of the South Pacific Ocean, Akihiko Yatsu, Japan. J. Ichthyol. 41(4): 367-377, 1995
7Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000
8Predation by Salmon Sharks (Lamna ditropis) on Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) in the North Pacific Ocean, Kazuya Nagasawa, NPAFC Bulletin No. 1 pp. 419-433 (1998)
9Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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