Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Oncorhynchus > Oncorhynchus nerka
 

Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee; Blueback; Quinalt; Red salmon; Sockeye salmon; Yank; Sock-eye salmon; Silver trout; Salmon; Redfish; Red caviar; Pygmy sockeye salmon; Pygmy salmon; Little redfish; Land-locked sockeye; Kokanee; Kickininee; Kennerly's salmon; Fraser river salmon; Blueback salmon; Blue-back; Sockeye zalm)

Synonyms:
Language: Alutiiq; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Haida; Heiltsuk; Icelandic; Italian; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Nuuchahnulth; Portuguese; Russian; Salish; Spanish; Swedish; Tsimshian

Wikipedia Abstract

Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), also called red salmon, kokanee salmon, or blueback salmon, is an anadromous species of salmon found in the Northern Pacific Ocean and rivers discharging into it. This species is a Pacific salmon that is primarily red in hue during spawning. They can grow up to 84 cm (2 ft 9 in) in length and weigh 2.3 to 7 kg (5.1–15.4 lb). Juveniles remain in freshwater until they are ready to migrate to the ocean, over distances of up to 1,600 km (990 mi). Their diet consists primarily of zooplankton. Sockeye salmon are semelparous, dying after they spawn. Some populations, referred to as kokanee, do not migrate to the ocean and live their entire lives in freshwater.
View Wikipedia Record: Oncorhynchus nerka

Attributes

Adult Length [2]  33 inches (84 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  Hidden
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  4,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  8 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Adult Weight [3]  9.35 lbs (4.241 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Range Map

Distribution

Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; Amur; Arctic Ocean; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Australian; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; Chukchi Sea; Denmark; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; Fraser; Great Lakes; Gulf of Alaska; India; Indian Ocean, Western; Japan; Kuril Islands; Kuroshio Current; Nearctic; New Zealand; North Pacific: northern Japan to Bering Sea and to Los Angeles, California, USA (Ref. 2850). Landlocked populations in Alaska, Yukon Territory and British Columbia in Canada, and Washington and Oregon in USA.; North Pacific: northern Japan to Bering Sea and to Los Angeles, California, USA (Ref. 2850). Landlocked populations in Alaska, Yukon Territory and British Columbia in Canada, and Washington and Oregon in USA. Import restricted in Germany (Anl. 3 BArtS; North Pacific: northern Japan to Bering Sea and to Los Angeles, California, USA (Ref. 2850). Landlocked populations in Alaska, Yukon Territory and British Columbia in Canada, and Washington and Oregon in USA. Import restricted in Germany (Anl. 3 BArtSchV).; Oceania - Inland waters; Oyashio Current; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Palearctic; Russian Federation; Sakhalin Island; Sea of Okhotsk; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); Yukon;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5The Role of Slender Tuna, Allothunnus fallai, in the Pelagic Ecosystems of the South Pacific Ocean, Akihiko Yatsu, Japan. J. Ichthyol. 41(4): 367-377, 1995
6Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
7Predation by Salmon Sharks (Lamna ditropis) on Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) in the North Pacific Ocean, Kazuya Nagasawa, NPAFC Bulletin No. 1 pp. 419-433 (1998)
8Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License