Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Oncorhynchus > Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
 

Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon; Black salmon; Chinook; Chinook salmon; Chub salmon; King salmon; Pacific salmon; Quinnat; Quinnat salmon; Tyee; Spring salmon; Spring; Smilie; Salmon; Pickled salmon; Locks; Lox; Kippered salmon; King; Blackmouth; Chinook zalm)

Synonyms:
Language: Alutiiq; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Haida; Heiltsuk; Inuktitut; Italian; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Nuuchahnulth; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Salish; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Tsimshian

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is the largest species in the Pacific salmon genus Oncorhynchus. The common name refers to the Chinookan peoples. Other vernacular names for the species include king salmon, Quinnat salmon, spring salmon, and Tyee salmon. The scientific species name is based on the Russian common name chavycha (чавыча).
View Wikipedia Record: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

Attributes

Adult Length [2]  4.92 feet (150 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  Hidden
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  17,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  9 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Adult Weight [3]  74.45 lbs (33.77 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore, Planktivore
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Male Maturity [3]  4 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Alaska
Oregon

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
John Ball Zoological Garden
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Oregon Zoo

Range Map

Distribution

Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Amur; Antarctica - Inland waters; Arctic Ocean; Arctic, Northwest to Northeast Pacific: drainages from Point Hope, Alaska to Ventura River, California, USA; occasionally strays south to San Diego in California, USA. Also in Honshu, Japan (Ref. 6793), Sea of Japan (Ref. 1998), Bering Sea (Ref. 2850) ; Arctic, Northwest to Northeast Pacific: drainages from Point Hope, Alaska to Ventura River, California, USA; occasionally strays south to San Diego in California, USA. Also in Honshu, Japan (Ref. 6793), Sea of Japan (Ref. 1998), Bering Sea (Ref. 2850) and Sea of Okhotsk (Ref. 1998). Found in Coppermine River in the Arctic. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Australia; Australian; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; Chile; Chukchi Sea; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Fraser; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lakes; Gulf of Alaska; Gulf of California; Hawaii (USA); Ireland; Italy; Japan; Kerguelen Islands; Kuroshio Current; Madagascar; Mexico; Nearctic; Netherlands; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Oceania - Inland waters; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southwest; Palearctic; Russian Federation; Sakhalin Island; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
5NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
8Diving depths, diet, and underwater foraging of Rhinoceros Auklets in British Columbia, Alan E. Burger, Rory P. Wilson, Don Garnier and Marie-Pierre T. Wilson, Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol. 71: 2528-2540 (1993)
9Predation by Salmon Sharks (Lamna ditropis) on Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) in the North Pacific Ocean, Kazuya Nagasawa, NPAFC Bulletin No. 1 pp. 419-433 (1998)
10Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License