Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Rutilus > Rutilus rutilus

Rutilus rutilus (Roach; Siberian roach)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The roach (Rutilus rutilus), also known as the common roach, is a fresh and brackish water fish of the Cyprinidae family, native to most of Europe and western Asia. The name "roach" is not unique, but fishes called roach can be any species of the genera Rutilus and Hesperoleucus, depending on locality. The plural of the term is also roach.
View Wikipedia Record: Rutilus rutilus

Invasive Species

Rutilus rutilus, commonly known as the roack, is a freshwater fish that is native to many parts of Europe and Asia. It is able to cope with brackish conditions and is an omnivorous species that is able to adapt its diet to what is available. R. rutilus is now widespread throughout Europe and is noted to be invasive in Ireland and Italy. In Ireland, it has been observed to not only alter species composition of fish communities, but to altering lake conditions.
View ISSG Record: Rutilus rutilus


Adult Weight [1]  2.231 lbs (1.012 kg)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Southern Baltic Lowlands Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Afghanistan; Africa-Inland Waters; Amudar'ya; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Australia; Australian; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; China; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Erqishi River; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: excluding Spain, Italy, Greece and Ireland. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Regarded as a valuable species both for angling and commercial food in European freshwater fisheries but tends to be a nuisance in areas where it has become establi; Europe: excluding Spain, Italy, Greece and Ireland. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Regarded as a valuable species both for angling and commercial food in European freshwater fisheries but tends to be a nuisance in areas where it has become established. Subspecies: <i>Rutilus rutilus caspicus</i> of the Caspian Sea; <i>Rutilus rutilus heckeli</i>; <i>Rutilus rutilus fluviatilis</i> (Ref. 683); <i>Rutilus rutilus aralensis</i> (Ref. 11145, 13403, 39702); <i>Rutilus rutilus schelkovnikovi</i> Derzhavin, 1926 of the Aras River basin; <i>Rutilus rutilus uzboicus</i> Berg, 1932 of the Uzboi Valley in Turkmenistan (Ref. 39702). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Europe: north to Pyrenees and Alps, eastward to Ural and Eya drainages (Caspian basin); Aegean basin in Pinios, Vardar, Vegoritis, Kastoria, Struma and Maritza drainages. Asia: Marmara basin and lower Sakarya in Anatolia, Aral basin, and Siberia from Ob eastward to Lena drainages. Naturally absent from Iberian Peninsula, Adriatic basin, Italy, Great Britain north of 56 N, Scandinavia north of 69° N. Locally introduced in Spain; introduced and invasive in northeastern Italy. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lena; Lithuania; Madagascar; Mongolia; Morocco; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oceania - Inland waters; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tarim; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Volga; Yili River;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Lappalainen, A., M. Rask, H. Koponen & S. Vesala, 2001. Relative abundance, diet and growth of perch (Perca fluviatilis) and roach (Rutilus rutilus) at Tvärminne, northern Baltic Sea, in 1975 and 1997: responses to eutrophication? Boreal Env. Res. 6: 107–118
5Åge Brabrand, Food of roach (Rutilus rutilus) and ide (Leusiscus idus): significance of diet shift for interspecific competition in omnivorous fishes, Oecologia Volume 66, Number 4 (1985), 461-467
6Robert Gwiazda, Dariusz Bukaciński, Grzegorz Neubauer, Marcin Faber, Jacek Betleja, Magdalena Zagalska-Neubauer, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki, Diet composition of the Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) in inland Poland: effects of breeding area, breeding stage and sympatric breeding with the Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Ornis Fennica 88:80–89. 2011
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Diet of the Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) at the Juodkrantė colony, lithuania, Žilvinas PŪtyS, Jūratė Zarankaite, Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 2010, Volumen 20, Numerus 3, p. 179-189
9The diet of the Saimaa ringed seal Phoca hispida saimensis, Mervi KUNNASRANTA, Heikki HYVÄRINEN, Tero SIPILÄ and Jouni T. KOSKELA, Acta Theriologica 44 (4): 443^450, 1999.
10Dietary importance of various prey fishes for pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) in large shallow lake Võrtsjärv (Estonia), Peeter Kangur, Andu Kangur, and Külli Kangur, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol., 2007, 56, 2, 154-167
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License