Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Salvelinus > Salvelinus fontinalis

Salvelinus fontinalis (charr; Brook charr; Brook trout; Red trout; Salmon trout; Speckled trout; Squaretail; Whitefin; Trout; Squaretailed trout; Square-tail; Specks; Speckled char; Slob; Sea trout; Salter; Native trout; Mud trout; Mountain trout; Lord-fish; Humpbacked trout; Eastern speckled trout; Eastern brook trout; Common brook trout; Coaster; Char; Brookie; Brook char; Breeder; Baiser; Aurora trout; American brook trout; American brook charr)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family Salmonidae. It is native to Eastern North America in the United States and Canada, but has been introduced elsewhere in North America and to other continents. In parts of its range, it is also known as the eastern brook trout, speckled trout, brook charr, squaretail, or mud trout, among others. A potamodromous population in Lake Superior is known as coaster trout or, simply, as coasters. The brook trout is the state fish of nine states: Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia, and the Provincial Fish of Nova Scotia in Canada.
View Wikipedia Record: Salvelinus fontinalis

Invasive Species

Introduced as a highly desirable fish for both angling and aquaculture throughout the world, Salvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) is an invasive that threatens native amphibians and fish, as well as the ecology of lakes and streams. Several native fish and amphibians face threatened or endangered status as a result of their introduction. Removal of Salvelinus fontinalis has been conducted in many places to allow for the recovery of endemic species.
View ISSG Record: Salvelinus fontinalis


Adult Length [2]  34 inches (86 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  Hidden
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  6,811
Maximum Longevity [2]  24 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water
Adult Weight [3]  9.694 lbs (4.397 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years


Protected Areas

Emblem of

Prey / Diet



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Africa-Inland Waters; Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Antarctica - Inland waters; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Australia; Australian; Austria; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bolivia; Bulgaria; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Danube; Denmark; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Falkland Is. (Malvinas); Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lakes; Greece; Hawaii (USA); Hudson Bay; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; India; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Italy; Japan; Kenya; Kerguelen Islands; Latvia; Lithuania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Mississippi; Morocco; Murray-Darling; Nearctic; Neotropical; Netherlands; New Zealand; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North America: most of eastern Canada from Newfoundland to western side of Hudson Bay; south in Atlantic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins to Minnesota and northern Georgia in USA. South America: Argentina (Ref. 9086). Widely introduced in te; North America: most of eastern Canada from Newfoundland to western side of Hudson Bay; south in Atlantic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins to Minnesota and northern Georgia in USA. South America: Argentina (Ref. 9086). Widely introduced in temperate regions of other continents. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northwest; Palearctic; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; Venezuela; Zimbabwe;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License