Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Osmeriformes > Osmeridae > Thaleichthys > Thaleichthys pacificus
 

Thaleichthys pacificus (Candlefish; Eulachon; Small fish; Salvation fish; Oilfish; Fathom fish; Eurachon; smelt; Columbia River smelt; Euclachon smelt)

Synonyms: Lestidium parri; Osmerus albatrossis; Osmerus pacificus; Salmo pacificus; Thaleichthys stevensi
Language: Alutiiq; Chinook; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Haida; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Nass-Gitksan; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Salish; Spanish; Swedish; Tsimshian

Wikipedia Abstract

The eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus), also oolichan, hooligan, ooligan, or candlefish, is a small anadromous ocean fish, a smelt found along the Pacific coast of North America from northern California to Alaska.
View Wikipedia Record: Thaleichthys pacificus

Attributes

Adult Length [1]  8 inches (20 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (gravel-sand)
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [1]  60,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years
Migration [3]  Anadromous
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [4]  2 years 6 months

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[5]
Thaleichthys pacificus (Candlefish)[5]
Thysanoessa inermis[5]
Thysanoessa spinifera[5]

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Lecithaster gibbosus[10]
Pronoprymna petrowi[10]

Range Map

Distribution

Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; California Current; Canada; Fraser; Gulf of Alaska; Nearctic; North Pacific: west of Saint Matthew Island and Kuskokwim Bay in the Bering Sea, and Bowers Bank in the Aleutian Islands to Monterey Bay, California, USA. Populations from northern British Columbia are separate from those in the Fraser River (Ref. 10276; North Pacific: west of Saint Matthew Island and Kuskokwim Bay in the Bering Sea, and Bowers Bank in the Aleutian Islands to Monterey Bay, California, USA. Populations from northern British Columbia are separate from those in the Fraser River (Ref. 10276).; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea; Yukon;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
7Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9Trophic Role of the Pacific Whiting, Merluccius productus, P. A. LIVINGSTON and K. M. BAILEY, Marine Fisheries Review 47(2), 1985, p. 16-22
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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