Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Reinhardtius > Reinhardtius hippoglossoides

Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot; Newfoundland turbot; Mock halibut; Lesser halibut; Greenland turbot; Greenland halibut; Flatty; Blue halibut; Black halibut)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Greenland halibut or Greenland turbot (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) belongs to the Pleuronectidae family (the right eye flounders), and is the only species of the genus Reinhardtius. It is a deep water fish, ranging between about 200 and 1,600 m (700 and 5,200 ft), and is found in the northern Atlantic and northern Pacific Oceans.
View Wikipedia Record: Reinhardtius hippoglossoides


Adult Weight [1]  8.488 lbs (3.85 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  10 years 5 months
Male Maturity [1]  8 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  30 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (25)Full list (116)




Alaska (USA); Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Barents Sea; Beaufort Sea; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; China; Chukchi Sea; Circumglobal: In arctic and temperate waters; northern hemisphere. Sea of Japan off Honshu north to Shishmaref, Alaska in the Chukchi Sea, throughout the Aleutian Islands, and southeast to northern Baja California, Mexico. North Atlantic: New Jersey, U; Circumglobal: In arctic and temperate waters; northern hemisphere. Sea of Japan off Honshu north to Shishmaref, Alaska in the Chukchi Sea, throughout the Aleutian Islands, and southeast to northern Baja California, Mexico. North Atlantic: New Jersey, USA to Spitsbergen (Svalbard Islands) and the Barents Sea south to Ireland. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951).; East Bering Sea; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Greenland; Gulf of Alaska; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Japan; Kuroshio Current; Mexico; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Bering Sea; West Greenland Shelf;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006)
6Groundfish Food Habits and Predation on Commercially Important Prey Species in the Eastern Bering Sea From 1997 Through 2001, Lang, G. M., P. A. Livingston, and K. A. Dodd, 2005, U.S. Dep. Comer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-158, 230 p.
7CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
8Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493
9Estimated Fish Consumption by Hooded Seals (Cystophora cristata), in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, M. O. Hammill, C. Lydersen, K. M. Kovacs and B. Sjare, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 22: 249–257 (1997)
10Feeding and Prey of Pacific Lamprey in Coastal Waters of the Western North Pacific, Alexei Orlov, Richard Beamish, Andrei Vinnikov, Dmitry Pelenev, American Fisheries Society Symposium 69, 2009
12Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
13Monodon monoceros, Randall R. Reeves and Sharon Tracey, Mammalian Species No. 127, pp. 1-7 (1980)
14THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390
15McMeans, Bailey C., et al. "The role of Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) in an Arctic ecosystem: assessed via stable isotopes and fatty acids." Marine Biology 160.5 (2013): 1223+. Academic OneFile. Web. 14 July 2014.
16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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