Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Sphyrnidae > Sphyrna > Sphyrna lewini
 

Sphyrna lewini (Southern hammerhead shark; Scalloped hammerhead shark; Scalloped hammerhead; Scalloped hammer head; Scalloped hamerhead; Kidney-headed shark; Hammerhead shark; Hammerhead; gebuchteter Hammerhai; Bronze hammerhead shark)

Synonyms:
Language: Aceh; Afrikaans; Arabic; Bahasa Indonesia; Bali; Bikol; Carolinian; Catalan; Creole, Portuguese; Danish; Dutch; Fijian; Finnish; French; Gela; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hawaiian; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Korean; Malagasy; Malay; Malayalam; Maldivian; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Marathi; Other; Papiamento; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Salish; Samoan; Somali; Spanish; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tahitian; Telugu; Thai; Tongan; Tsimshian; Turkish; Vietnamese

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Sphyrna lewini

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  184.792 lbs (83.82 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  4 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 9 months
Litter Size [1]  20
Maximum Longevity [1]  35 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[6]

Consumers

Distribution

Aldabra Special Reserve; Circumglobal in coastal warm temperate and tropical seas (Ref. 13562). Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA to Uruguay (Ref. 58839), including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic: western Mediterranean (Ref. 6678) to Namibia (Ref. 6812). Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, East Africa and throughout the Indian Ocean; Japan to New Caledonia, Hawaii and Tahiti. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Ecuador, probably Peru.;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
4Food composition and distribution of elasmobranches on the shelf and upper slope of the Eastern Central Atlantic., Patokina F.A., Litvinov F.F., ICES CM 2005/N:26
5Feeding habits of the scalloped hammerhead shark, Sphyrna lewini, in Mazatlán waters, southern Gulf of California, Mexico, Yassir TORRES-ROJAS, Agustín HERNANDEZ-HERRERA & Felipe GALVAN-MAGAÑA, Cybium 2006, 30(4) suppl.: 85-90
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Captures and Diet of Three Sharks Species in the Veracruz Reef System, José Otilio Avendaño-Alvarez, Horacio Pérez-España, David Salas-Monreal, Emiliano García-Rodríguez, Open Journal of Marine Science, 2013, 3, 66-73
8FEEDING STRATEGY OF THE NIGHT SHARK (CARCHARHINUS SIGNATUS) AND SCALLOPED HAMMERHEAD SHARK (SPHYRNA LEWINI) NEAR SEAMOUNTS OFF NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL, Teodoro Vaske Júnior; Carolus Maria Vooren and Rosangela Paula Lessa, BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF OCEANOGRAPHY, 57(2):97-104, 2009
9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License