Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Zoarcidae > Zoarces > Zoarces viviparus

Zoarces viviparus (viviporous blenny; Viviporous eelpout; Viviparous blenny; European ocean pout; Eelpout)

Synonyms: Blennius viviparus; Zoarces viviparous
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Wikipedia Abstract

The viviparous eelpout (Zoarces viviparus), also known as the, viviparous blenny and European eelpout is an eelpout in the family Zoarcidae. It is notable for giving birth to live larvae (hence the description "mother of eels"). It is a common soup ingredient in Mediterranean countries. The bones are of greenish colour, due to a harmless pigment. Their skin is slimy and the color is variable.
View Wikipedia Record: Zoarces viviparus


Adult Weight [1]  281 grams
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Mesogobius batrachocephalus (Knout goby)1
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1
Spinachia spinachia (fifteenspine stickleback)1
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)1




Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Universeum Science Center
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Finland; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Ireland; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: White Sea, Cheshskaya Guba and Murmansk coast (Barents Sea) southward to English Channel (River Somme); eastern coasts of Scotland, England, also Irish Sea; the Orkneys, Shetlands and in shallow waters of North Sea and Baltic.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Sweden; United Kingdom;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4The role of small fish species in eelgrass food webs of the Baltic Sea, Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Ivo Christian Bobsien, 2006
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License