Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Harengula > Harengula humeralis

Harengula humeralis (Yellowbill sprat; Yellow bill; Whitebill; Sprat; Sardine; Sardientje; Red-ear sardine; Redear sardine; Red-ear pilchard; Redear herring; Reader sardine; Pincers; Pilchard; Loose-scaled sardine)

Synonyms: Alosa apicalis; Clupea humeralis; Harengula callolepis; Harengula maculosa; Harengula sardina
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Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet



Parasitized by 
Lecithochirium musculus[3]
Parahemiurus merus[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo


Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), Bahamas, Caribbean, Guianas (but no records to the south of this; no Brazilian specimens in the extensive collections of the Museu de Zoologia, Sao Paulo, Brazil).;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London