Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Beryciformes > Holocentridae > Holocentrus > Holocentrus rufus

Holocentrus rufus (Wrenchman; Squirrelfish; Miss darlington; Longspine squirrelfish)

Synonyms: Perca rufa
Language: Danish; French; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The longspine squirrelfish (Holocentrus rufus) is a silvery red, sea fish with orange-gold body stripes. One of about 150 species of squirrelfish, their most distinguishing characteristics are their large eyes and the long third spine of the anal fin. It is often included in public aquarium displays. The length of the longspine squirrelfish is about 18 cm (7.8 inches). It lives in coral reefs in tropical and warm temperate seas and eats zoobenthos. It is territorial and uses sounds called “grunts” and “staccatos” to defend its crevice, warn of danger and, in groups, intimidate predators such as the moray eel. The longspine squirrelfish is edible and harvested on a small scale.
View Wikipedia Record: Holocentrus rufus

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)[1]
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)[2]
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)[1]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[2]


Parasitized by 
Helicometra equilata[2]
Leurodera decora[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Bermuda and southern Florida, USA to northern South America and Brazil; throughout the West Indies (Ref. 3724). Antilles, northwestern Gulf of Mexico, Yucatan to Colombia (Ref. 26938).;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License