Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Merlucciidae > Macruronus > Macruronus novaezelandiae

Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake; Whiptail; Tailed hake; Patagonian whiphake; New Zealand whiting; New Zealand whiptail; New Zealand straptail; Hoki; Grenadier; Blue hake; Blue grenadier)

Synonyms: Coryphaenoides novaezelandiae; Coryphaenoides tasmaniae; Macruronus novaezealandiae
Language: Danish; French; German; Italian; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Maori; Polish; Portuguese; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue grenadier, hoki, blue hake, New Zealand whiptail, whiptail or whiptail hake, Macruronus novaezelandiae, is a merluccid hake of the family Merlucciidae found around southern Australia and New Zealand at depths of between 10 and 1,000 m (33 and 3,300 ft). It feeds in midwater on small squids, crustaceans, and fish. Its length is between 60 and 120 cm (24 and 47 in). It is a slender, silvery fish similar in appearance to the gemfish. The meat of the fish is white and almost always sold in filets.
View Wikipedia Record: Macruronus novaezelandiae


Adult Weight [1]  1.819 lbs (825 g)
Female Maturity [2]  5 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  4 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  25 years

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap




Australia; East Central Australian Shelf; Great Australian Bight; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Southwest; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and southern Australia.; Tasman Sea; West Central Australian Shelf;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Diets of fishes of the upper continental slope of eastern Tasmania: content, calorific values, dietary overlap and trophic relationships, S.J.M. Blaber and C.M. Bulman, Marine Biology 95, 345-356 (1987)
4Hoki (Macruronus novaezelandiae) diet variability and associated middle-depth demersal fish species depth distribution in the ecosystem on the Chatham Rise, New Zealand. Amelia MacLeod Connell. Thesis submitted to the Victoria University of Wellington in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Science in Marine Biology. Victoria University of Wellington 2009
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Malcolm R. Clark (1985): The food and feeding of seven fish species from the Campbell Plateau, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 19:3, 339-363
7FISH PREY SPECIES OF THE NEW ZEALAND FUR SEAL (ARCTOCEPHALUS FORSTERI, LESSON), Peter W. Carey, New Zealand Journal of Ecology (1992) 16(1): 41-46
8Southern Royal Albatross (Diomedea epomophora), Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels –
9Northern Royal Albatross (Diomedea sanfordi), Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels –
10J. S. Forman and M. R. Dunn, Diet and scavenging habits of the smooth skate Dipturus innominatus, Journal of Fish Biology (2012) 80, 1546–1562
12Inter-annual variability in the diets of hoki, hake, and ling on the Chatham Rise from 1990 to 2009, P. L. Horn, M. R. Dunn, New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 54 (2010)
13"Diet of New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) at the Auckland Islands", Simon Childerhouse, Bruce Dix and Nick Gales, Wildlife Research 28(3) 291 - 298 (2001)
14Buller’s Albatross (Thalassarche bulleri), Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels -
15Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
16Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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