Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Opisthonema > Opisthonema oglinum

Opisthonema oglinum (Atlantic thread herring; Thread herring; Sprat; Harryback; Hairy back; Bermuda herring; Thread-herring)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic thread herring, Opisthonema oglinum, is a herring-like fish in the family Clupeidae. It has a dark blue-gray back, silvery sides, a white belly and a small head. It grows up to 38 cm in length. It can be found in shallow waters and harbors along the coasts of the western Atlantic Ocean, from Cape Cod down to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico. It feeds mainly on plankton, but also takes small fish and crustaceans. It is confused with the scaled sardine, Harengula jaguana, by anglers.
View Wikipedia Record: Opisthonema oglinum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Parasitized by 
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[5]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[5]
Parahemiurus merus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Florida Aquarium


Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Maine; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Laguna de Términos; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine (USA), Bermuda, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and West Indies southward to Santa Caterina, Brazil. The Colombian form is possibly a subspecies, <i>Opisthonema oglinum captivai</i>.;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Occurrence, Diet and Growth of Juvenile Blacktip Sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus, from Los Roques Archipelago National Park, Venezuela, RAFAEL TAVARES, Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol. 44, No. 3, 291-302, 2008
4Diet of the fishing bat Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus) (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in a mangrove area of southern Brazil, Marcelo O. Bordignon, Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.1, pp. 256-260
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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